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Musculoskeletal Injury in Professional Dancers: Prevalence and Associated Factors: An International Cross-Sectional Study.

Jacobs, Craig L; Cassidy, J David; Côté, Pierre; Boyle, Eleanor; Ramel, Eva LU ; Ammendolia, Carlo; Hartvigsen, Jan and Schwartz, Isabella (2016) In Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Abstract
OBJECTIVE:



The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with injury in professional ballet and modern dancers, and assess if dancers are reporting their injuries and explore reasons for not reporting injuries.

DESIGN:



Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:



Participants were recruited from nine professional ballet and modern dance companies in Canada, Denmark, Israel, and Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS:



Professional ballet and modern dancers.

INDEPENDENT VARIABLES:



Sociodemographic variables included age, sex, height, weight, and before-tax yearly or monthly income. Dance specific... (More)
OBJECTIVE:



The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with injury in professional ballet and modern dancers, and assess if dancers are reporting their injuries and explore reasons for not reporting injuries.

DESIGN:



Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:



Participants were recruited from nine professional ballet and modern dance companies in Canada, Denmark, Israel, and Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS:



Professional ballet and modern dancers.

INDEPENDENT VARIABLES:



Sociodemographic variables included age, sex, height, weight, and before-tax yearly or monthly income. Dance specific characteristics included number of years in present dance company, number of years dancing professionally, number of years dancing total, and rank in the company.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:



Self-reported injury and Self-Estimated Functional Inability because of Pain.

RESULTS:



A total of 260 dancers participated in the study with an overall response rate of 81%. The point prevalence of self-reported injury in professional ballet and modern dancers was 54.8% (95% CI, 47.7-62.1) and 46.3% (95% CI, 35.5-57.1), respectively. Number of years dancing professionally (OR = 4.4, 95% CI, 1.6-12.3) and rank (OR = 2.4, 95% CI, 1.2-4.8) were associated with injury in ballet dancers. More than 15% of all injured dancers had not reported their injury and their reasons for not reporting injury varied.

CONCLUSIONS:



The prevalence of injury is high in professional dancers with a significant percentage not reporting their injuries for a variety of reasons. Number of years dancing and rank are associated with injury in professional ballet dancers. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:26889817
  • scopus:84958818787
  • wos:000395573100010
ISSN
1536-3724
DOI
10.1097/JSM.0000000000000314
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
251e188e-a763-4f5d-9c85-24a12e50716d (old id 8825125)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26889817?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-03-03 14:54:42
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:28:51
@article{251e188e-a763-4f5d-9c85-24a12e50716d,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with injury in professional ballet and modern dancers, and assess if dancers are reporting their injuries and explore reasons for not reporting injuries.<br/><br>
DESIGN:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Cross-sectional study.<br/><br>
SETTING:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Participants were recruited from nine professional ballet and modern dance companies in Canada, Denmark, Israel, and Sweden.<br/><br>
PARTICIPANTS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Professional ballet and modern dancers.<br/><br>
INDEPENDENT VARIABLES:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Sociodemographic variables included age, sex, height, weight, and before-tax yearly or monthly income. Dance specific characteristics included number of years in present dance company, number of years dancing professionally, number of years dancing total, and rank in the company.<br/><br>
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Self-reported injury and Self-Estimated Functional Inability because of Pain.<br/><br>
RESULTS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
A total of 260 dancers participated in the study with an overall response rate of 81%. The point prevalence of self-reported injury in professional ballet and modern dancers was 54.8% (95% CI, 47.7-62.1) and 46.3% (95% CI, 35.5-57.1), respectively. Number of years dancing professionally (OR = 4.4, 95% CI, 1.6-12.3) and rank (OR = 2.4, 95% CI, 1.2-4.8) were associated with injury in ballet dancers. More than 15% of all injured dancers had not reported their injury and their reasons for not reporting injury varied.<br/><br>
CONCLUSIONS:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The prevalence of injury is high in professional dancers with a significant percentage not reporting their injuries for a variety of reasons. Number of years dancing and rank are associated with injury in professional ballet dancers.},
  author       = {Jacobs, Craig L and Cassidy, J David and Côté, Pierre and Boyle, Eleanor and Ramel, Eva and Ammendolia, Carlo and Hartvigsen, Jan and Schwartz, Isabella},
  issn         = {1536-3724},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine},
  title        = {Musculoskeletal Injury in Professional Dancers: Prevalence and Associated Factors: An International Cross-Sectional Study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000314},
  year         = {2016},
}