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Enhanced flight performance by genetic manipulation of wing shape in Drosophila.

Ray, Robert P; Nakata, Toshiyuki; Henningsson, Per LU and Bomphrey, Richard J (2016) In Nature Communications 7.
Abstract
Insect wing shapes are remarkably diverse and the combination of shape and kinematics determines both aerial capabilities and power requirements. However, the contribution of any specific morphological feature to performance is not known. Using targeted RNA interference to modify wing shape far beyond the natural variation found within the population of a single species, we show a direct effect on flight performance that can be explained by physical modelling of the novel wing geometry. Our data show that altering the expression of a single gene can significantly enhance aerial agility and that the Drosophila wing shape is not, therefore, optimized for certain flight performance characteristics that are known to be important. Our technique... (More)
Insect wing shapes are remarkably diverse and the combination of shape and kinematics determines both aerial capabilities and power requirements. However, the contribution of any specific morphological feature to performance is not known. Using targeted RNA interference to modify wing shape far beyond the natural variation found within the population of a single species, we show a direct effect on flight performance that can be explained by physical modelling of the novel wing geometry. Our data show that altering the expression of a single gene can significantly enhance aerial agility and that the Drosophila wing shape is not, therefore, optimized for certain flight performance characteristics that are known to be important. Our technique points in a new direction for experiments on the evolution of performance specialities in animals. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nature Communications
volume
7
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • pmid:26926954
  • scopus:84959534256
  • wos:000371698300001
ISSN
2041-1723
DOI
10.1038/ncomms10851
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5a292237-0851-4356-9c02-998a0adfa84d (old id 8857103)
date added to LUP
2016-03-22 12:37:28
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:46:08
@article{5a292237-0851-4356-9c02-998a0adfa84d,
  abstract     = {Insect wing shapes are remarkably diverse and the combination of shape and kinematics determines both aerial capabilities and power requirements. However, the contribution of any specific morphological feature to performance is not known. Using targeted RNA interference to modify wing shape far beyond the natural variation found within the population of a single species, we show a direct effect on flight performance that can be explained by physical modelling of the novel wing geometry. Our data show that altering the expression of a single gene can significantly enhance aerial agility and that the Drosophila wing shape is not, therefore, optimized for certain flight performance characteristics that are known to be important. Our technique points in a new direction for experiments on the evolution of performance specialities in animals.},
  articleno    = {10851},
  author       = {Ray, Robert P and Nakata, Toshiyuki and Henningsson, Per and Bomphrey, Richard J},
  issn         = {2041-1723},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Nature Communications},
  title        = {Enhanced flight performance by genetic manipulation of wing shape in Drosophila.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10851},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}