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The genetic and environmental structure jof the character sub-skales of the temperament and character inventory in adolescence

Lester, Nigel; Garcia, Danilo; Lundström, Sebastian; Brändström, Sven; Råstam, Maria LU ; Kerekes, Nora; Nilsson, Thomas; Cloninger, C Robert and Anckarsäter, Henrik (2016) In Annals of General Psychiatry 15(10).
Abstract
BACKGROUND:



The character higher order scales (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) in the temperament and character inventory are important general measures of health and well-being [Mens Sana Monograph 11:16-24 (2013)]. Recent research has found suggestive evidence of common environmental influence on the development of these character traits during adolescence. The present article expands earlier research by focusing on the internal consistency and the etiology of traits measured by the lower order sub-scales of the character traits in adolescence.



METHODS:



The twin modeling analysis of 423 monozygotic pairs and 408 same sex dizygotic pairs estimated... (More)
BACKGROUND:



The character higher order scales (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) in the temperament and character inventory are important general measures of health and well-being [Mens Sana Monograph 11:16-24 (2013)]. Recent research has found suggestive evidence of common environmental influence on the development of these character traits during adolescence. The present article expands earlier research by focusing on the internal consistency and the etiology of traits measured by the lower order sub-scales of the character traits in adolescence.



METHODS:



The twin modeling analysis of 423 monozygotic pairs and 408 same sex dizygotic pairs estimated additive genetics (A), common environmental (C), and non-shared environmental (E) influences on twin resemblance. All twins were part of the on-going longitudinal Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS).



RESULTS:



The twin modeling analysis suggested a common environmental contribution for two out of five self-directedness sub-scales (0.14 and 0.23), for three out of five cooperativeness sub-scales (0.07-0.17), and for all three self-transcendence sub-scales (0.10-0.12).



CONCLUSION:



The genetic structure at the level of the character lower order sub-scales in adolescents shows that the proportion of the shared environmental component varies in the trait of self-directedness and in the trait of cooperativeness, while it is relatively stable across the components of self-transcendence. The presence of this unique shared environmental effect in adolescence has implications for understanding the relative importance of interventions and treatment strategies aimed at promoting overall maturation of character, mental health, and well-being during this period of the life span. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Self-transcendence, Self-directedness, Cloninger’s psychobiological model, Character inventory, CATSS, Adolescence, Cooperativeness, Genetics, Personality, Sub-scales, Temperament
in
Annals of General Psychiatry
volume
15
issue
10
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:84960327280
  • wos:000371757200001
ISSN
1744-859X
DOI
10.1186/s12991-016-0094-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6dc26669-4c2b-45c2-b31b-dec18595b2fc (old id 8858566)
date added to LUP
2016-03-17 09:41:44
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:33:23
@article{6dc26669-4c2b-45c2-b31b-dec18595b2fc,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The character higher order scales (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) in the temperament and character inventory are important general measures of health and well-being [Mens Sana Monograph 11:16-24 (2013)]. Recent research has found suggestive evidence of common environmental influence on the development of these character traits during adolescence. The present article expands earlier research by focusing on the internal consistency and the etiology of traits measured by the lower order sub-scales of the character traits in adolescence.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
METHODS: <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The twin modeling analysis of 423 monozygotic pairs and 408 same sex dizygotic pairs estimated additive genetics (A), common environmental (C), and non-shared environmental (E) influences on twin resemblance. All twins were part of the on-going longitudinal Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS).<br/><br>
<br/><br>
RESULTS: <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The twin modeling analysis suggested a common environmental contribution for two out of five self-directedness sub-scales (0.14 and 0.23), for three out of five cooperativeness sub-scales (0.07-0.17), and for all three self-transcendence sub-scales (0.10-0.12).<br/><br>
<br/><br>
CONCLUSION: <br/><br>
<br/><br>
The genetic structure at the level of the character lower order sub-scales in adolescents shows that the proportion of the shared environmental component varies in the trait of self-directedness and in the trait of cooperativeness, while it is relatively stable across the components of self-transcendence. The presence of this unique shared environmental effect in adolescence has implications for understanding the relative importance of interventions and treatment strategies aimed at promoting overall maturation of character, mental health, and well-being during this period of the life span.},
  author       = {Lester, Nigel and Garcia, Danilo and Lundström, Sebastian and Brändström, Sven and Råstam, Maria and Kerekes, Nora and Nilsson, Thomas and Cloninger, C Robert and Anckarsäter, Henrik},
  issn         = {1744-859X},
  keyword      = {Self-transcendence,Self-directedness,Cloninger’s psychobiological model,Character inventory,CATSS,Adolescence,Cooperativeness,Genetics,Personality,Sub-scales,Temperament},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Annals of General Psychiatry},
  title        = {The genetic and environmental structure jof the character sub-skales of the temperament and character inventory in adolescence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12991-016-0094-2},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2016},
}