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Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality

van der Plas, Fons; Ratcliffe, Sophia; Ruiz-Benito, Paloma; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Verheyen, Kris; Wirth, Christian; Zavala, Miguel A.; Ampoorter, Evy; Baeten, Lander and Barbaro, Luc, et al. (2018) In Ecology Letters 21(1). p.31-42
Abstract

Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high... (More)

Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high potential for ‘win-win’ forest management strategies, where overall multifunctionality is maximised. However, across sites, multifunctionality was on average 45.8-49.8% below maximum levels and not necessarily highest in protected areas. Therefore, using one of the most comprehensive assessments so far, our study suggests a high but largely unrealised potential for management to promote multifunctional forests.

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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
keywords
Biodiversity, climate, ecosystem multifunctionality, ecosystem services, forest, FunDivEUROPE, large-scale, phylogenetic diversity, tree communities, upscaling
in
Ecology Letters
volume
21
issue
1
pages
31 - 42
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85034031822
ISSN
1461-023X
DOI
10.1111/ele.12868
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
887ea79b-2860-4412-ae6b-f79c1f9c568b
date added to LUP
2019-05-10 12:03:06
date last changed
2019-06-19 04:11:50
@article{887ea79b-2860-4412-ae6b-f79c1f9c568b,
  abstract     = {<p>Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high potential for ‘win-win’ forest management strategies, where overall multifunctionality is maximised. However, across sites, multifunctionality was on average 45.8-49.8% below maximum levels and not necessarily highest in protected areas. Therefore, using one of the most comprehensive assessments so far, our study suggests a high but largely unrealised potential for management to promote multifunctional forests.</p>},
  author       = {van der Plas, Fons and Ratcliffe, Sophia and Ruiz-Benito, Paloma and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Wirth, Christian and Zavala, Miguel A. and Ampoorter, Evy and Baeten, Lander and Barbaro, Luc and Bastias, Cristina C. and Bauhus, Jürgen and Benavides, Raquel and Benneter, Adam and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bruelheide, Helge and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Charbonnier, Yohan and Cornelissen, Johannes H.C. and Dahlgren, Jonas and Checko, Ewa and Coppi, Andrea and Dawud, Seid Muhie and Deconchat, Marc and De Smedt, Pallieter and De Wandeler, Hans and Domisch, Timo and Finér, Leena and Fotelli, Mariangela and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, André and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and Haase, Josephine and Hättenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Hervé and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, François Xavier and Jucker, Tommaso and Kambach, Stephan and Kaendler, Gerald and Kattge, Jens and Koricheva, Julia and Kunstler, Georges and Lehtonen, Aleksi and Liebergesell, Mario and Roger, Fabian},
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  keyword      = {Biodiversity,climate,ecosystem multifunctionality,ecosystem services,forest,FunDivEUROPE,large-scale,phylogenetic diversity,tree communities,upscaling},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {31--42},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Ecology Letters},
  title        = {Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12868},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2018},
}