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Evacuation modelling for underground physics research facilities

Ronchi, Enrico LU and La Mendola, Saverio (2016)
Abstract
This document presents the results of a literature review performed in order to assess the suitability of different evacuation modelling tools for the calculation of evacuation times and assessment of fire safety in underground physics research facilities. This document is part of the research collaboration between Lund University and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), concerning performance-based fire risk assessment for the underground facilities of the Future Circular Collider (FCC). The review presents an overview of current modelling methods with different degrees of sophistication and provides recommendations on the most appropriate methods to be used in relation to the scenario under consideration. The use of... (More)
This document presents the results of a literature review performed in order to assess the suitability of different evacuation modelling tools for the calculation of evacuation times and assessment of fire safety in underground physics research facilities. This document is part of the research collaboration between Lund University and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), concerning performance-based fire risk assessment for the underground facilities of the Future Circular Collider (FCC). The review presents an overview of current modelling methods with different degrees of sophistication and provides recommendations on the most appropriate methods to be used in relation to the scenario under consideration. The use of simplified evacuation models is recommended for the simulation of people movement in simple mono-dimensional evacuation scenarios in long tunnel arcs. Advanced evacuation models (e.g. agent-based models) are recommended for the simulation of the evacuation process in the area of the experimental caverns. In case of evacuation scenarios in which complex interactions between people and the underground environment take place, advanced models are recommended as well. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Evacuation modelling, egress, Underground, Tunnel evacuation, Physics research, Pedestrian movement, Smoke impact on pedestrians, Exit choice, Pre-evacuation time
publisher
Lund University, Department of Fire Safety Engineering
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
89144796-5637-4bfc-9db0-3a94e8ab9afb
date added to LUP
2016-12-08 10:36:56
date last changed
2017-04-03 10:02:20
@techreport{89144796-5637-4bfc-9db0-3a94e8ab9afb,
  abstract     = {This document presents the results of a literature review performed in order to assess the suitability of different evacuation modelling tools for the calculation of evacuation times and assessment of fire safety in underground physics research facilities. This document is part of the research collaboration between Lund University and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), concerning performance-based fire risk assessment for the underground facilities of the Future Circular Collider (FCC). The review presents an overview of current modelling methods with different degrees of sophistication and provides recommendations on the most appropriate methods to be used in relation to the scenario under consideration. The use of simplified evacuation models is recommended for the simulation of people movement in simple mono-dimensional evacuation scenarios in long tunnel arcs. Advanced evacuation models (e.g. agent-based models) are recommended for the simulation of the evacuation process in the area of the experimental caverns. In case of evacuation scenarios in which complex interactions between people and the underground environment take place, advanced models are recommended as well.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and La Mendola, Saverio},
  institution  = {Lund University, Department of Fire Safety Engineering},
  keyword      = {Evacuation modelling,egress,Underground,Tunnel evacuation,Physics research,Pedestrian movement,Smoke impact on pedestrians,Exit choice,Pre-evacuation time},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Evacuation modelling for underground physics research facilities},
  year         = {2016},
}