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How does accessibility to knowledge sources affect the innovativeness of corporations? - evidence from Sweden

Andersson, M and Ejermo, Olof LU (2005) In Annals of Regional Science 39(4). p.741-765
Abstract
This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-1994. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from 1) the own corporation, 2) other corporations, and 3) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the... (More)
This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-1994. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from 1) the own corporation, 2) other corporations, and 3) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation's research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations' research is important for a corporation's innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sweden, spillovers, patents, accessibility, private and university R&D
in
Annals of Regional Science
volume
39
issue
4
pages
741 - 765
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000234718300006
  • scopus:30744432419
ISSN
1432-0592
DOI
10.1007/s00168-005-0025-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
38e8dfdd-3784-428c-8e79-f6e938a27810 (old id 894142)
date added to LUP
2008-01-11 10:53:28
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:15:22
@article{38e8dfdd-3784-428c-8e79-f6e938a27810,
  abstract     = {This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-1994. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from 1) the own corporation, 2) other corporations, and 3) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation's research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations' research is important for a corporation's innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor.},
  author       = {Andersson, M and Ejermo, Olof},
  issn         = {1432-0592},
  keyword      = {Sweden,spillovers,patents,accessibility,private and university R&D},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {741--765},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Annals of Regional Science},
  title        = {How does accessibility to knowledge sources affect the innovativeness of corporations? - evidence from Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00168-005-0025-7},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2005},
}