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Personality and marital satisfaction: A behavioural genetic analysis

Spotts, EL; Lichtenstein, P; Pedersen, N; Neiderhiser, JM; Hansson, Kjell LU ; Cederblad, Marianne LU and Reiss, D (2005) In European Journal of Personality 19(3). p.205-227
Abstract
Previous research has found that genetic and nonshared environmental factors influence Marital quality (Spotts et al., 2004). The current study explored personality as a source for these genetic and environmental individual differences. A sample of 752 Swedish twin women and their spouses were used. Genetic and environmental influences were found for self-report measures of Marital quality, but only environmental factors contributed to the variance of observational measures of Marital quality. Wives' personality characteristics accounted for genetic and nonshared environmental variance in the wives' own Marital satisfaction, their husbands' Marital satisfaction, and the agreement between the spouses oil the quality of their marriage.... (More)
Previous research has found that genetic and nonshared environmental factors influence Marital quality (Spotts et al., 2004). The current study explored personality as a source for these genetic and environmental individual differences. A sample of 752 Swedish twin women and their spouses were used. Genetic and environmental influences were found for self-report measures of Marital quality, but only environmental factors contributed to the variance of observational measures of Marital quality. Wives' personality characteristics accounted for genetic and nonshared environmental variance in the wives' own Marital satisfaction, their husbands' Marital satisfaction, and the agreement between the spouses oil the quality of their marriage. Genetic influences on the correlation between wives' genetically influenced personality characteristics and their husbands' marital satisfaction indicate a gene-environment correlation. Contrary to expectations, husbands' personality did not explain large portions of wives' Marital satisfaction beyond that explained by wives' personality. This study emphasizes the importance of spousal personality to the well-being of marriages, and results are discussed within the context of three different theories regarding associations between personality and Marital quality. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Personality
volume
19
issue
3
pages
205 - 227
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000229133800003
  • scopus:20744455043
ISSN
1099-0984
DOI
10.1002/per.54
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b995b938-b2ea-4f62-a690-1f25cb3b349f (old id 895501)
date added to LUP
2008-01-21 10:57:07
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:42:01
@article{b995b938-b2ea-4f62-a690-1f25cb3b349f,
  abstract     = {Previous research has found that genetic and nonshared environmental factors influence Marital quality (Spotts et al., 2004). The current study explored personality as a source for these genetic and environmental individual differences. A sample of 752 Swedish twin women and their spouses were used. Genetic and environmental influences were found for self-report measures of Marital quality, but only environmental factors contributed to the variance of observational measures of Marital quality. Wives' personality characteristics accounted for genetic and nonshared environmental variance in the wives' own Marital satisfaction, their husbands' Marital satisfaction, and the agreement between the spouses oil the quality of their marriage. Genetic influences on the correlation between wives' genetically influenced personality characteristics and their husbands' marital satisfaction indicate a gene-environment correlation. Contrary to expectations, husbands' personality did not explain large portions of wives' Marital satisfaction beyond that explained by wives' personality. This study emphasizes the importance of spousal personality to the well-being of marriages, and results are discussed within the context of three different theories regarding associations between personality and Marital quality. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.},
  author       = {Spotts, EL and Lichtenstein, P and Pedersen, N and Neiderhiser, JM and Hansson, Kjell and Cederblad, Marianne and Reiss, D},
  issn         = {1099-0984},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {205--227},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {European Journal of Personality},
  title        = {Personality and marital satisfaction: A behavioural genetic analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/per.54},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2005},
}