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Risk of contact allergy and dermatitis at a wind turbine plant using epoxy resin-based plastics

Rasmussen, K; Carstensen, O; Pontén, Ann LU ; Gruvberger, Birgitta LU ; Isaksson, Marléne LU and Bruze, Magnus LU (2005) In International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 78(3). p.211-217
Abstract
Aims: To identify workplace and individual risk factors for occupational contact allergy and dermatitis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at an international company producing wind turbine systems in Denmark. A cohort of 724 production workers at four facilities was highly exposed to epoxy resin as well as other chemicals. A screening questionnaire (participation rate 84.7%) was followed by an interview by an occupational physician and a dermatological examination, including patch testing, for a comprehensive list of potential workplace sensitizers. Results: Clinically diagnosed dermatitis was found among 214 workers (35.8%) and contact allergy to materials used in the workplace was found in 66 workers (10.9% of the total... (More)
Aims: To identify workplace and individual risk factors for occupational contact allergy and dermatitis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at an international company producing wind turbine systems in Denmark. A cohort of 724 production workers at four facilities was highly exposed to epoxy resin as well as other chemicals. A screening questionnaire (participation rate 84.7%) was followed by an interview by an occupational physician and a dermatological examination, including patch testing, for a comprehensive list of potential workplace sensitizers. Results: Clinically diagnosed dermatitis was found among 214 workers (35.8%) and contact allergy to materials used in the workplace was found in 66 workers (10.9% of the total population and 20.3% of those who underwent patch testing). Of the 66 workers with a work-related allergy, 40 (60.6%) were allergic to epoxy compounds, 25 (37.9%) to hardeners and ten (15.2%) to other workplace materials, where one person showed an allergy only to these materials. Experiencing contact allergy was related to older age and longer employment in the workplace-however, neither of these risk factors was significant. The main risk factor for current dermatitis was contact allergy to materials used in the workplace, determined by patch testing, OR=5.4 (95% CI 3.9-9.9). Fewer days of absence from work was also related to current dermatitis, OR=2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.5). Conclusions: In a cohort of workers with extensive exposure to chemicals related to epoxy-resin systems, contact dermatitis and allergy was prevalent. Older age and longer duration of employment at the workplace were individual risk factors for allergy to workplace materials, whilst work-related allergies and longer duration of employment at the workplace were significant risk factors for current dermatitis. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
wind turbine, eczema, dermatitis, epoxy
in
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
volume
78
issue
3
pages
211 - 217
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000228539700007
  • pmid:15739094
  • scopus:23844490153
ISSN
1432-1246
DOI
10.1007/s00420-004-0575-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
789a435a-1e0b-483c-afb3-1e905b2474d1 (old id 896820)
date added to LUP
2008-01-22 15:18:51
date last changed
2017-07-09 04:16:56
@article{789a435a-1e0b-483c-afb3-1e905b2474d1,
  abstract     = {Aims: To identify workplace and individual risk factors for occupational contact allergy and dermatitis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at an international company producing wind turbine systems in Denmark. A cohort of 724 production workers at four facilities was highly exposed to epoxy resin as well as other chemicals. A screening questionnaire (participation rate 84.7%) was followed by an interview by an occupational physician and a dermatological examination, including patch testing, for a comprehensive list of potential workplace sensitizers. Results: Clinically diagnosed dermatitis was found among 214 workers (35.8%) and contact allergy to materials used in the workplace was found in 66 workers (10.9% of the total population and 20.3% of those who underwent patch testing). Of the 66 workers with a work-related allergy, 40 (60.6%) were allergic to epoxy compounds, 25 (37.9%) to hardeners and ten (15.2%) to other workplace materials, where one person showed an allergy only to these materials. Experiencing contact allergy was related to older age and longer employment in the workplace-however, neither of these risk factors was significant. The main risk factor for current dermatitis was contact allergy to materials used in the workplace, determined by patch testing, OR=5.4 (95% CI 3.9-9.9). Fewer days of absence from work was also related to current dermatitis, OR=2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.5). Conclusions: In a cohort of workers with extensive exposure to chemicals related to epoxy-resin systems, contact dermatitis and allergy was prevalent. Older age and longer duration of employment at the workplace were individual risk factors for allergy to workplace materials, whilst work-related allergies and longer duration of employment at the workplace were significant risk factors for current dermatitis.},
  author       = {Rasmussen, K and Carstensen, O and Pontén, Ann and Gruvberger, Birgitta and Isaksson, Marléne and Bruze, Magnus},
  issn         = {1432-1246},
  keyword      = {wind turbine,eczema,dermatitis,epoxy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {211--217},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  title        = {Risk of contact allergy and dermatitis at a wind turbine plant using epoxy resin-based plastics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-004-0575-5},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {2005},
}