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Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide - A follow-up study of 1052 suicide attempters

Skogman, Katarina LU ; Alsén, Margot LU and Öjehagen, Agneta LU (2004) In Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 39(2). p.113-120
Abstract
Aim This study aims to investigate suicide risk factors after attempted suicide and whether and how these risk factors differ between the sexes. Method A total of 1052 suicide attempters admitted to the Medical Emergency Inpatient Unit, Lund University Hospital, Sweden were followed up concerning suicide and death from other causes after a median period of 6 years and 5 months. in all, 50 persons committed suicide during follow-up. At the index suicide attempt, socio-demographic data and information about clinical characteristics were gathered in a standardised manner. Risk factors were identified among these data using survival analyses for the whole sample and for each sex separately. Result Men had a higher frequency of suicide and a... (More)
Aim This study aims to investigate suicide risk factors after attempted suicide and whether and how these risk factors differ between the sexes. Method A total of 1052 suicide attempters admitted to the Medical Emergency Inpatient Unit, Lund University Hospital, Sweden were followed up concerning suicide and death from other causes after a median period of 6 years and 5 months. in all, 50 persons committed suicide during follow-up. At the index suicide attempt, socio-demographic data and information about clinical characteristics were gathered in a standardised manner. Risk factors were identified among these data using survival analyses for the whole sample and for each sex separately. Result Men had a higher frequency of suicide and a greater overall mortality than women. Cox regressions showed that suicide attempt(s) prior to the index attempt and the use of a violent method for the index attempt were risk factors for men only, whereas older age and a high suicidal intent (Beck SIS score) were female ones. Major depression was a risk factor for both sexes. Conclusion More attention probably needs to be paid to the importance of gender in assessment of suicide risk and treatment of suicide attempters. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
suicide, sex differences, suicide attempt, risk factors
in
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
volume
39
issue
2
pages
113 - 120
publisher
Steinkopff
external identifiers
  • wos:000189072200004
  • pmid:15052392
  • scopus:2142766911
ISSN
0933-7954
DOI
10.1007/s00127-004-0709-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2ae08558-76a7-4848-962e-a617dff1bc8a (old id 899322)
date added to LUP
2008-01-18 12:29:07
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:42:05
@article{2ae08558-76a7-4848-962e-a617dff1bc8a,
  abstract     = {Aim This study aims to investigate suicide risk factors after attempted suicide and whether and how these risk factors differ between the sexes. Method A total of 1052 suicide attempters admitted to the Medical Emergency Inpatient Unit, Lund University Hospital, Sweden were followed up concerning suicide and death from other causes after a median period of 6 years and 5 months. in all, 50 persons committed suicide during follow-up. At the index suicide attempt, socio-demographic data and information about clinical characteristics were gathered in a standardised manner. Risk factors were identified among these data using survival analyses for the whole sample and for each sex separately. Result Men had a higher frequency of suicide and a greater overall mortality than women. Cox regressions showed that suicide attempt(s) prior to the index attempt and the use of a violent method for the index attempt were risk factors for men only, whereas older age and a high suicidal intent (Beck SIS score) were female ones. Major depression was a risk factor for both sexes. Conclusion More attention probably needs to be paid to the importance of gender in assessment of suicide risk and treatment of suicide attempters.},
  author       = {Skogman, Katarina and Alsén, Margot and Öjehagen, Agneta},
  issn         = {0933-7954},
  keyword      = {suicide,sex differences,suicide attempt,risk factors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {113--120},
  publisher    = {Steinkopff},
  series       = {Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology},
  title        = {Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide - A follow-up study of 1052 suicide attempters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-004-0709-9},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2004},
}