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Improved HPLC method for carbohydrate-deficient transferrin in serum

Helander, A; Husa, A and Jeppsson, Jan-Olof LU (2003) In Clinical Chemistry 49(11). p.1881-1890
Abstract
Background: There is need for a reference method for transferrin glycoforms in serum to which routine immunologic methods for the alcohol marker carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) can be traceable. We describe an improved HPLC method for transferrin glycoforms. Methods: Transferrin was iron-saturated by mixing the serum with ferric nitrilotriacetic acid, and lipoproteins were precipitated with dextran sulfate and calcium chloride. Separation of glycoforms was performed on a SOURCE 15Q anion-exchange column using salt gradient elution. Quantification relied on selective absorbance of the iron-transferrin complex at 470 run. The relative amount of each glycoform was calculated as a percentage of the area under the curve, using baseline... (More)
Background: There is need for a reference method for transferrin glycoforms in serum to which routine immunologic methods for the alcohol marker carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) can be traceable. We describe an improved HPLC method for transferrin glycoforms. Methods: Transferrin was iron-saturated by mixing the serum with ferric nitrilotriacetic acid, and lipoproteins were precipitated with dextran sulfate and calcium chloride. Separation of glycoforms was performed on a SOURCE 15Q anion-exchange column using salt gradient elution. Quantification relied on selective absorbance of the iron-transferrin complex at 470 run. The relative amount of each glycoform was calculated as a percentage of the area under the curve, using baseline integration. Results: The HPLC system provided reproducible separation and quantification of the asialo-, monosialo-, disialo-, trisialo-, tetrasialo-, pentasialo-, and hexasialotransferrin glycoforms. Most importantly, disialo- and trisialotransferrin were almost baseline separated. The intra- and interassay CV for disialotransferrin were <5%. Serum and the pretreated samples were stable for at least 2 days at 22 or 4 degreesC. Sera from 132 healthy controls contained [mean (SD)] 1.16 (0.25)% disialotransferrin, 4.77 (1.36)% trisialotransferrin, 80.18 (2.01)% tetrasialotransferrin, and 13.88 (1.69)% pentasialo- + hexasialotransferrin. In some cases of a high (>6%) trisialotransferrin, monosialotransferrin was detected at <0.25%. Asialotransferrin was not detected in control sera, but was detected in 57% of chronic heavy drinkers and in 62% of sera with greater than or equal to2% disialotransferrin. Conclusions: The HPLC method fulfills the requirements of a preliminary reference method for CDT and should work for any combination of serum transferrin glycoforms. This method could also be useful for confirming positive CDT results by immunoassays in medico-legal cases. (C) 2003 American Association for Clinical Chemistry. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Clinical Chemistry
volume
49
issue
11
pages
1881 - 1890
publisher
American Association for Clinical Chemistry
external identifiers
  • pmid:14578320
  • wos:000186157300012
  • scopus:0242267940
ISSN
0009-9147
DOI
10.1373/clinchem.2003.023341
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b11ba3d-ddbb-4cdb-bee9-b0d4db84a23c (old id 899827)
date added to LUP
2008-01-14 09:22:49
date last changed
2018-07-01 03:33:50
@article{0b11ba3d-ddbb-4cdb-bee9-b0d4db84a23c,
  abstract     = {Background: There is need for a reference method for transferrin glycoforms in serum to which routine immunologic methods for the alcohol marker carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) can be traceable. We describe an improved HPLC method for transferrin glycoforms. Methods: Transferrin was iron-saturated by mixing the serum with ferric nitrilotriacetic acid, and lipoproteins were precipitated with dextran sulfate and calcium chloride. Separation of glycoforms was performed on a SOURCE 15Q anion-exchange column using salt gradient elution. Quantification relied on selective absorbance of the iron-transferrin complex at 470 run. The relative amount of each glycoform was calculated as a percentage of the area under the curve, using baseline integration. Results: The HPLC system provided reproducible separation and quantification of the asialo-, monosialo-, disialo-, trisialo-, tetrasialo-, pentasialo-, and hexasialotransferrin glycoforms. Most importantly, disialo- and trisialotransferrin were almost baseline separated. The intra- and interassay CV for disialotransferrin were &lt;5%. Serum and the pretreated samples were stable for at least 2 days at 22 or 4 degreesC. Sera from 132 healthy controls contained [mean (SD)] 1.16 (0.25)% disialotransferrin, 4.77 (1.36)% trisialotransferrin, 80.18 (2.01)% tetrasialotransferrin, and 13.88 (1.69)% pentasialo- + hexasialotransferrin. In some cases of a high (&gt;6%) trisialotransferrin, monosialotransferrin was detected at &lt;0.25%. Asialotransferrin was not detected in control sera, but was detected in 57% of chronic heavy drinkers and in 62% of sera with greater than or equal to2% disialotransferrin. Conclusions: The HPLC method fulfills the requirements of a preliminary reference method for CDT and should work for any combination of serum transferrin glycoforms. This method could also be useful for confirming positive CDT results by immunoassays in medico-legal cases. (C) 2003 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.},
  author       = {Helander, A and Husa, A and Jeppsson, Jan-Olof},
  issn         = {0009-9147},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1881--1890},
  publisher    = {American Association for Clinical Chemistry},
  series       = {Clinical Chemistry},
  title        = {Improved HPLC method for carbohydrate-deficient transferrin in serum},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2003.023341},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2003},
}