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Sex differences in the perception of stressful life events in a Spanish sample : Implications for the Axis IV of the DSM-IV

Caballo, Vicente and Cardeña, Etzel LU (1997) In Personality and Individual Differences 23(2). p.353-359
Abstract
Summary-The role of stress in the development of disease has been the subject of considerable research in the last few years. Stressful life events have been related to many physical and psychological disorders. The DSM-IV devoted Axis IV to these kinds of events. There is, however, scant information on the possible mediating role of sex on perception of stressful life events, or on the validation in other cultures of the categories included in Axis IV of the DSM-IV. A new Scale for Stressful Life Events (SSLE) was developed and administered to 563 female and 213 male university students. Women tended to perceive most stressful life events as more distressing than men, particularly regarding events implicating aggression and withdrawal.... (More)
Summary-The role of stress in the development of disease has been the subject of considerable research in the last few years. Stressful life events have been related to many physical and psychological disorders. The DSM-IV devoted Axis IV to these kinds of events. There is, however, scant information on the possible mediating role of sex on perception of stressful life events, or on the validation in other cultures of the categories included in Axis IV of the DSM-IV. A new Scale for Stressful Life Events (SSLE) was developed and administered to 563 female and 213 male university students. Women tended to perceive most stressful life events as more distressing than men, particularly regarding events implicating aggression and withdrawal. Probably events of this kind have a more negative impact on women than on men. The DSM- IV categories for grouping psychosocial and environmental problems in Axis IV were not confirmed by factor analysis of the SSLE. These results show that the effects of sex and culture on the consideration of stressful life events cannot be ignored. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
stress, sex, life events, dsm
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
23
issue
2
pages
353 - 359
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0031206326
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00036-6
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
8a192c60-1671-4e37-a545-586eb0bef3ca
date added to LUP
2017-05-03 10:17:04
date last changed
2017-05-07 04:52:56
@article{8a192c60-1671-4e37-a545-586eb0bef3ca,
  abstract     = {Summary-The role of stress in the development of disease has been the subject of considerable research in the last few years. Stressful life events have been related to many physical and psychological disorders. The DSM-IV devoted Axis IV to these kinds of events. There is, however, scant information on the possible mediating role of sex on perception of stressful life events, or on the validation in other cultures of the categories included in Axis IV of the DSM-IV. A new Scale for Stressful Life Events (SSLE) was developed and administered to 563 female and 213 male university students. Women tended to perceive most stressful life events as more distressing than men, particularly regarding events implicating aggression and withdrawal. Probably events of this kind have a more negative impact on women than on men. The DSM- IV categories for grouping psychosocial and environmental problems in Axis IV were not confirmed by factor analysis of the SSLE. These results show that the effects of sex and culture on the consideration of stressful life events cannot be ignored. },
  author       = {Caballo, Vicente and Cardeña, Etzel},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  keyword      = {stress,sex,life events,dsm},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {353--359},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {Sex differences in the perception of stressful life events in a Spanish sample : Implications for the Axis IV of the DSM-IV},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00036-6},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {1997},
}