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Life events, social support and sense of coherence among frequent attenders in primary health care

Bergh, H; Baigi, A; Fridlund, Bengt LU and Marklund, B (2006) In Public Health 120(3). p.229-236
Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this survey was to compare stressful life events, social support and sense of coherence (SOC) between frequent attenders (FAs) and normal attenders (controls) in primary health care. Study design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a primary healthcare centre in the south-west of Sweden. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to 263 frequent attenders and 703 normal attenders. The questionnaire comprised sociodemographic variables and scales of stressful life events, social support and SOC. The results from the questionnaire were compared between the groups, and the significance of the variables in terms of attendance was tested in a multiple regression analysis. Results: More of the FAs were secondarily... (More)
Objectives: The aim of this survey was to compare stressful life events, social support and sense of coherence (SOC) between frequent attenders (FAs) and normal attenders (controls) in primary health care. Study design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a primary healthcare centre in the south-west of Sweden. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to 263 frequent attenders and 703 normal attenders. The questionnaire comprised sociodemographic variables and scales of stressful life events, social support and SOC. The results from the questionnaire were compared between the groups, and the significance of the variables in terms of attendance was tested in a multiple regression analysis. Results: More of the FAs were secondarily single, they had more chronic diseases and were more often living on a sickness/disablement pension than the controls. FAs did not report more stressful life events than the controls nor was their experience of events more negative. Social support was as strong among FAs as among controls, and it had no significant effect on their frequent attendance. FAs had a significantly weaker SOC compared with controls. The variables that significantly influenced frequent attendance were high age [odds ratio (OR)=1.02], chronic disease (OR=3.08), sickness/disablement pension (OR=2.46) and SOC (OR=0.97). Conclusions: SOC had a significant influence on frequent attendance in primary health care, but stressful life events and social support did not. FAs did not report more stressful life events. However, due to an inadequate coping strategy, indicated by a weak SOC, the life events probably caused them more symptoms and diseases, and thereby a higher consulting frequency. (c) 2005 The Royal Institute of Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sense of coherence, social support, life events, frequent attenders, primary health care
in
Public Health
volume
120
issue
3
pages
229 - 236
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:16337979
  • wos:000236473300008
  • scopus:33344467494
ISSN
1476-5616
DOI
10.1016/j.puhe.2005.08.020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8aeb6090-92ae-475d-a679-816ccf29f584 (old id 414308)
date added to LUP
2007-09-28 09:58:36
date last changed
2019-06-11 02:21:27
@article{8aeb6090-92ae-475d-a679-816ccf29f584,
  abstract     = {Objectives: The aim of this survey was to compare stressful life events, social support and sense of coherence (SOC) between frequent attenders (FAs) and normal attenders (controls) in primary health care. Study design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a primary healthcare centre in the south-west of Sweden. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to 263 frequent attenders and 703 normal attenders. The questionnaire comprised sociodemographic variables and scales of stressful life events, social support and SOC. The results from the questionnaire were compared between the groups, and the significance of the variables in terms of attendance was tested in a multiple regression analysis. Results: More of the FAs were secondarily single, they had more chronic diseases and were more often living on a sickness/disablement pension than the controls. FAs did not report more stressful life events than the controls nor was their experience of events more negative. Social support was as strong among FAs as among controls, and it had no significant effect on their frequent attendance. FAs had a significantly weaker SOC compared with controls. The variables that significantly influenced frequent attendance were high age [odds ratio (OR)=1.02], chronic disease (OR=3.08), sickness/disablement pension (OR=2.46) and SOC (OR=0.97). Conclusions: SOC had a significant influence on frequent attendance in primary health care, but stressful life events and social support did not. FAs did not report more stressful life events. However, due to an inadequate coping strategy, indicated by a weak SOC, the life events probably caused them more symptoms and diseases, and thereby a higher consulting frequency. (c) 2005 The Royal Institute of Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Bergh, H and Baigi, A and Fridlund, Bengt and Marklund, B},
  issn         = {1476-5616},
  keyword      = {sense of coherence,social support,life events,frequent attenders,primary health care},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {229--236},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Public Health},
  title        = {Life events, social support and sense of coherence among frequent attenders in primary health care},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2005.08.020},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2006},
}