Advanced

Age homogamy, gender and earnings : Sweden 1990-2009

Dribe, Martin LU and Nystedt, Paul (2017) In Social Forces 96(1). p.239-264
Abstract
Previous research has shown considerable marriage premiums in earnings for men, but often penalties for women of being in a union. In this study we extend this research by analyzing how the age difference between spouses affects the earnings profiles by gender. As we follow people over time in advance as well as within their marriage, we can separate premarital from postmarital earnings movements. The data consist of information on annual earnings 1990–2009 for all Swedes born 1960–1974 (N = 926,219). The results indicate that age homogamy is related to higher earnings for both men and women, and that larger age differences are generally associated with lower union premiums, quite independently of which spouse is older. However, most of... (More)
Previous research has shown considerable marriage premiums in earnings for men, but often penalties for women of being in a union. In this study we extend this research by analyzing how the age difference between spouses affects the earnings profiles by gender. As we follow people over time in advance as well as within their marriage, we can separate premarital from postmarital earnings movements. The data consist of information on annual earnings 1990–2009 for all Swedes born 1960–1974 (N = 926,219). The results indicate that age homogamy is related to higher earnings for both men and women, and that larger age differences are generally associated with lower union premiums, quite independently of which spouse is older. However, most of these results are explained by assortative mating, in which men and women with greater earnings potentials find partners of a similar age. Overall, the age difference between spouses seems to have a limited causal effect, if any, on individual earnings. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Social Forces
volume
96
issue
1
pages
26 pages
publisher
University of North Carolina Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85031778343
  • wos:000409194400026
ISSN
0037-7732
DOI
10.1093/sf/sox030
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8b38692b-5fce-4c54-8059-1c3840c87a9d
date added to LUP
2017-04-06 16:03:36
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:25:20
@article{8b38692b-5fce-4c54-8059-1c3840c87a9d,
  abstract     = {Previous research has shown considerable marriage premiums in earnings for men, but often penalties for women of being in a union. In this study we extend this research by analyzing how the age difference between spouses affects the earnings profiles by gender. As we follow people over time in advance as well as within their marriage, we can separate premarital from postmarital earnings movements. The data consist of information on annual earnings 1990–2009 for all Swedes born 1960–1974 (N = 926,219). The results indicate that age homogamy is related to higher earnings for both men and women, and that larger age differences are generally associated with lower union premiums, quite independently of which spouse is older. However, most of these results are explained by assortative mating, in which men and women with greater earnings potentials find partners of a similar age. Overall, the age difference between spouses seems to have a limited causal effect, if any, on individual earnings.},
  author       = {Dribe, Martin and Nystedt, Paul},
  issn         = {0037-7732},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {239--264},
  publisher    = {University of North Carolina Press},
  series       = {Social Forces},
  title        = {Age homogamy, gender and earnings : Sweden 1990-2009},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sf/sox030},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2017},
}