Advanced

Dishonest conformity in peer review

Shibayama, Sotaro LU and Baba, Yasunori (2015) In Prometheus 33(3). p.215-233
Abstract

Honesty in scientific publication is critical for scientific advancement, but dishonesty is commonly and increasingly observed in misconduct and other questionable practices. Focusing on dishonest conformity in peer review, in which authors unwillingly obey referees’ instructions in order to have their papers accepted even if the instructions contradict the authors’ scientific belief, the current study aims to investigate the determinants of dishonesty. Drawing on survey data of Japanese life scientists, this study shows that the conflict between authors and referees in peer review is common. A majority of scientists follow referees’ instructions rather than refute them. The results suggest that conformity occurs more frequently (1) in... (More)

Honesty in scientific publication is critical for scientific advancement, but dishonesty is commonly and increasingly observed in misconduct and other questionable practices. Focusing on dishonest conformity in peer review, in which authors unwillingly obey referees’ instructions in order to have their papers accepted even if the instructions contradict the authors’ scientific belief, the current study aims to investigate the determinants of dishonesty. Drawing on survey data of Japanese life scientists, this study shows that the conflict between authors and referees in peer review is common. A majority of scientists follow referees’ instructions rather than refute them. The results suggest that conformity occurs more frequently (1) in biology than in medicine and agriculture, (2) when authors are in strong scientific competition, (3) if authors are associate professors rather than full professors, (4) if authors have no foreign research experience, and (5) in low-impact journals rather than in medium-impact journals.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Prometheus
volume
33
issue
3
pages
19 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84953270631
ISSN
0810-9028
DOI
10.1080/08109028.2015.1114745
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
8b9d5afb-8796-4411-a0f6-b80407c98161
date added to LUP
2017-04-13 17:50:53
date last changed
2017-04-20 11:17:22
@article{8b9d5afb-8796-4411-a0f6-b80407c98161,
  abstract     = {<p>Honesty in scientific publication is critical for scientific advancement, but dishonesty is commonly and increasingly observed in misconduct and other questionable practices. Focusing on dishonest conformity in peer review, in which authors unwillingly obey referees’ instructions in order to have their papers accepted even if the instructions contradict the authors’ scientific belief, the current study aims to investigate the determinants of dishonesty. Drawing on survey data of Japanese life scientists, this study shows that the conflict between authors and referees in peer review is common. A majority of scientists follow referees’ instructions rather than refute them. The results suggest that conformity occurs more frequently (1) in biology than in medicine and agriculture, (2) when authors are in strong scientific competition, (3) if authors are associate professors rather than full professors, (4) if authors have no foreign research experience, and (5) in low-impact journals rather than in medium-impact journals.</p>},
  author       = {Shibayama, Sotaro and Baba, Yasunori},
  issn         = {0810-9028},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {215--233},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Prometheus},
  title        = {Dishonest conformity in peer review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08109028.2015.1114745},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2015},
}