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Purism scale approach for wilderness mapping in Iceland

Ólafsdóttir, Rannveig LU ; Sæþórsdóttir, Anna Dóra and Runnström, Micael LU (2016) In Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications p.157-176
Abstract

Coincident with increased utilization of the Icelandic highlands, its image as a unique and pristine wilderness is gradually changing. People’s perception of wilderness is influenced by a number of factors relating to their culture and socio-economic background. Furthermore, how people value pristine land or define wilderness varies depending on the location and function of the assessment. Therefore, understanding perceived wilderness is likewise of major importance in the planning and long term management of tourism within the Icelandic highlands. This paper attempts to identify and map perceived wilderness areas within the southern Icelandic highlands, using the purism scale approach. The results indicate that constructions related to... (More)

Coincident with increased utilization of the Icelandic highlands, its image as a unique and pristine wilderness is gradually changing. People’s perception of wilderness is influenced by a number of factors relating to their culture and socio-economic background. Furthermore, how people value pristine land or define wilderness varies depending on the location and function of the assessment. Therefore, understanding perceived wilderness is likewise of major importance in the planning and long term management of tourism within the Icelandic highlands. This paper attempts to identify and map perceived wilderness areas within the southern Icelandic highlands, using the purism scale approach. The results indicate that constructions related to power plants (i.e. plants, power lines, and dams) are considered undesirable by all four tourism market groups. The results moreover show that non-purists visiting the Icelandic highlands do not favour paved roads. Conversely, mountain huts do not affect the perceived wilderness for any of the purism groups. The perceived wilderness mapping of the southern Icelandic highlands shows that nearly the whole area, or 97.2 %, is perceived as wilderness by the nonpurism group, while less than half, or 45.4 %, is perceived as wilderness by the strong purism group. Once a wilderness area becomes known as a tourist destination, maintaining its wilderness condition becomes increasingly difficult. In order to avoid the overuse of wilderness for tourism and other economic sectors, ambitious planning and appropriate management are critical. This includes identifying limits of growth and further development. Without such limitations, the use of wilderness is simply unsustainable.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Iceland, Purism scale, Tourism, Tourist perception, Wilderness mapping
in
Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications
pages
20 pages
publisher
Springer Netherlands
external identifiers
  • scopus:85006721990
ISBN
9789401773973
9789401773997
DOI
10.1007/978-94-017-7399-7_11
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8ba099db-d913-42e8-b706-1a6558ace8b2
date added to LUP
2017-02-23 13:49:36
date last changed
2017-02-23 13:49:36
@inbook{8ba099db-d913-42e8-b706-1a6558ace8b2,
  abstract     = {<p>Coincident with increased utilization of the Icelandic highlands, its image as a unique and pristine wilderness is gradually changing. People’s perception of wilderness is influenced by a number of factors relating to their culture and socio-economic background. Furthermore, how people value pristine land or define wilderness varies depending on the location and function of the assessment. Therefore, understanding perceived wilderness is likewise of major importance in the planning and long term management of tourism within the Icelandic highlands. This paper attempts to identify and map perceived wilderness areas within the southern Icelandic highlands, using the purism scale approach. The results indicate that constructions related to power plants (i.e. plants, power lines, and dams) are considered undesirable by all four tourism market groups. The results moreover show that non-purists visiting the Icelandic highlands do not favour paved roads. Conversely, mountain huts do not affect the perceived wilderness for any of the purism groups. The perceived wilderness mapping of the southern Icelandic highlands shows that nearly the whole area, or 97.2 %, is perceived as wilderness by the nonpurism group, while less than half, or 45.4 %, is perceived as wilderness by the strong purism group. Once a wilderness area becomes known as a tourist destination, maintaining its wilderness condition becomes increasingly difficult. In order to avoid the overuse of wilderness for tourism and other economic sectors, ambitious planning and appropriate management are critical. This includes identifying limits of growth and further development. Without such limitations, the use of wilderness is simply unsustainable.</p>},
  author       = {Ólafsdóttir, Rannveig and Sæþórsdóttir, Anna Dóra and Runnström, Micael},
  isbn         = {9789401773973},
  keyword      = {Iceland,Purism scale,Tourism,Tourist perception,Wilderness mapping},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {157--176},
  publisher    = {Springer Netherlands},
  series       = {Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications},
  title        = {Purism scale approach for wilderness mapping in Iceland},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7399-7_11},
  year         = {2016},
}