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Synthesis of 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9,5,3]nonadecane (L1) and a Spectroscopic and Structural Study of [Ni(L1)(ClO4)](ClO4) and of the Macrobicyclic Precursor Diamide Complex, [Ni(HL2)](ClO4); Chloride Substitution Kinetics of the Corresponding [Ni(III)(L1)]3+ Species

Rodopoulos, T.; Rodopoulos, M.; Bridson, J. N.; Elding, Lars Ivar LU ; Rettig, S. J. and McAuley, A. (2001) In Inorganic Chemistry 40(12). p.2737-2742
Abstract
The pentadentate ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane (L1) has been synthesized by the high dilution cyclization of 1-oxa-4,8-diazacyclododecane ([10]aneN2O) (1) with 1,3-bis(α-chloroacetamido)propane (2) and subsequent reduction of the diamide intermediate. The structure [Ni(L1)(ClO4)](ClO4) (P21/c (no. 14), a = 8.608(3), b = 16.618(3), c = 14.924(4) Å, β = 91.53(3)° converged at R = 0.050 (Rw = 0.046) for 307 parameters using 2702 reflections with I > 2σ(I). For the nickel(II) complex of the (monodeprotonated) precursor diamide ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane-3,9-dione (H2L2), [Ni(HL2)](ClO4) (Pbca (no. 61), a = 15.1590(3), b = 13.235(2), c = 18.0195(6) Å), the structure converged at R =... (More)
The pentadentate ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane (L1) has been synthesized by the high dilution cyclization of 1-oxa-4,8-diazacyclododecane ([10]aneN2O) (1) with 1,3-bis(α-chloroacetamido)propane (2) and subsequent reduction of the diamide intermediate. The structure [Ni(L1)(ClO4)](ClO4) (P21/c (no. 14), a = 8.608(3), b = 16.618(3), c = 14.924(4) Å, β = 91.53(3)° converged at R = 0.050 (Rw = 0.046) for 307 parameters using 2702 reflections with I > 2σ(I). For the nickel(II) complex of the (monodeprotonated) precursor diamide ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane-3,9-dione (H2L2), [Ni(HL2)](ClO4) (Pbca (no. 61), a = 15.1590(3), b = 13.235(2), c = 18.0195(6) Å), the structure converged at R = 0.045 (Rw = 0.038) for 265 parameters using 1703 reflections with I > 3σ(I). In the reduced system, the cyclam-based ligand adopts a trans-III configuration. The [Ni(L1)(ClO4)]2+ ion is pseudooctahedral with the Ni−O(ether) 2.094(3) Å distance shorter than the Ni−O(perchlorate) 2.252(4) Å. The nickel(II) and nickel(III) complexes are six-coordinate in solution. Oxidation of [Ni(L1)(OH2)]2+ with K2S2O8 in aqueous media yielded an axial d7 Ni(III) species (g⊥ = 2.159 and g⊥ = 2.024 at 77 K). The [Ni(L1)(solv)]2+ ion in CH3CN showed two redox waves, NiII/I (an irreversible cathodic peak, Ep,c = −1.53 V) and NiIII/II (E1/2 = 0.85 V (reversible)) vs Ag/Ag+. The complex [Ni(HL2)](ClO4) displays square-planar geometry with monodeprotonation of the ligand. The ether oxygen is not coordinated. Ni−O(3) = 2.651(6) Å and Ni−O(3a) = 2.451(12) Å, respectively. The NiIII/II oxidation at E1/2 = 0.24 V (quasi-reversible) vs Ag/Ag+ is considerably lower than the saturated system. The kinetics of Cl- substitution at [Ni(L1)(solv)]3+ are pH dependent. Detachment of the ether oxygen atom is proposed, with insertion of a protonated water molecule which deprotonates at a pKa more acidic than in the corresponding cyclam complex. Mechanistic implications are discussed. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Nickel complexes, cyclam based ligands, structure , Kinetics
in
Inorganic Chemistry
volume
40
issue
12
pages
6 pages
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:0035805710
ISSN
1520-510X
DOI
10.1021/ic001163r
language
English
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yes
id
8f34a621-67d7-4e1b-995f-09b8fe73efea
date added to LUP
2016-12-11 19:23:07
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:35:04
@article{8f34a621-67d7-4e1b-995f-09b8fe73efea,
  abstract     = {The pentadentate ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane (L1) has been synthesized by the high dilution cyclization of 1-oxa-4,8-diazacyclododecane ([10]aneN2O) (1) with 1,3-bis(α-chloroacetamido)propane (2) and subsequent reduction of the diamide intermediate. The structure [Ni(L1)(ClO4)](ClO4) (P21/c (no. 14), a = 8.608(3), b = 16.618(3), c = 14.924(4) Å, β = 91.53(3)° converged at R = 0.050 (Rw = 0.046) for 307 parameters using 2702 reflections with I > 2σ(I). For the nickel(II) complex of the (monodeprotonated) precursor diamide ligand 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9.5.3]nonadecane-3,9-dione (H2L2), [Ni(HL2)](ClO4) (Pbca (no. 61), a = 15.1590(3), b = 13.235(2), c = 18.0195(6) Å), the structure converged at R = 0.045 (Rw = 0.038) for 265 parameters using 1703 reflections with I > 3σ(I). In the reduced system, the cyclam-based ligand adopts a trans-III configuration. The [Ni(L1)(ClO4)]2+ ion is pseudooctahedral with the Ni−O(ether) 2.094(3) Å distance shorter than the Ni−O(perchlorate) 2.252(4) Å. The nickel(II) and nickel(III) complexes are six-coordinate in solution. Oxidation of [Ni(L1)(OH2)]2+ with K2S2O8 in aqueous media yielded an axial d7 Ni(III) species (g⊥ = 2.159 and g⊥ = 2.024 at 77 K). The [Ni(L1)(solv)]2+ ion in CH3CN showed two redox waves, NiII/I (an irreversible cathodic peak, Ep,c = −1.53 V) and NiIII/II (E1/2 = 0.85 V (reversible)) vs Ag/Ag+. The complex [Ni(HL2)](ClO4) displays square-planar geometry with monodeprotonation of the ligand. The ether oxygen is not coordinated. Ni−O(3) = 2.651(6) Å and Ni−O(3a) = 2.451(12) Å, respectively. The NiIII/II oxidation at E1/2 = 0.24 V (quasi-reversible) vs Ag/Ag+ is considerably lower than the saturated system. The kinetics of Cl- substitution at [Ni(L1)(solv)]3+ are pH dependent. Detachment of the ether oxygen atom is proposed, with insertion of a protonated water molecule which deprotonates at a pKa more acidic than in the corresponding cyclam complex. Mechanistic implications are discussed.},
  author       = {Rodopoulos, T. and Rodopoulos, M. and Bridson, J. N. and Elding, Lars Ivar and Rettig, S. J.  and McAuley, A.},
  issn         = {1520-510X},
  keyword      = {Nickel complexes,cyclam based ligands,structure ,Kinetics},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2737--2742},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Inorganic Chemistry},
  title        = {Synthesis of 14-oxa-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo[9,5,3]nonadecane (L1) and a Spectroscopic and Structural Study of [Ni(L1)(ClO4)](ClO4) and of the Macrobicyclic Precursor Diamide Complex, [Ni(HL2)](ClO4); Chloride Substitution Kinetics of the Corresponding [Ni(III)(L1)]3+ Species},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic001163r},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2001},
}