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Recognition memory for emotional and neutral faces: An event-related potential study

Johansson, Mikael LU ; Mecklinger, Axel and Treese, Anne-Cécile LU (2004) In Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16(10). p.1840-1853
Abstract
This study examined emotional influences on the hypothesized event-related potential (ERP) correlates of familiarity and recollection (Experiment 1) and the states of awareness (Experiment 2) accompanying recognition memory for faces differing in facial affect. Participants made gender judgments to positive, negative, and neutral faces at study and were in the test phase instructed to discriminate between studied and nonstudied faces. Whereas old–new discrimination was unaffected by facial expression, negative faces were recollected to a greater extent than both positive and neutral faces as reflected in the parietal ERP old–new effect and in the proportion of remember judgments. Moreover, emotion specific modulations were observed in... (More)
This study examined emotional influences on the hypothesized event-related potential (ERP) correlates of familiarity and recollection (Experiment 1) and the states of awareness (Experiment 2) accompanying recognition memory for faces differing in facial affect. Participants made gender judgments to positive, negative, and neutral faces at study and were in the test phase instructed to discriminate between studied and nonstudied faces. Whereas old–new discrimination was unaffected by facial expression, negative faces were recollected to a greater extent than both positive and neutral faces as reflected in the parietal ERP old–new effect and in the proportion of remember judgments. Moreover, emotion specific modulations were observed in frontally recorded ERPs elicited by correctly rejected new faces that concurred with a more liberal response criterion for emotional as compared to neutral faces. Taken together, the results are consistent with the view that processes promoting recollection are facilitated for negative events and that emotion may affect recognition performance by influencing criterion setting mediated by the prefrontal cortex. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
volume
16
issue
10
pages
1840 - 1853
publisher
MIT Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:11144232935
ISSN
1530-8898
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
fa068a48-e1b0-4e76-b36e-1934bc6afdfc (old id 925013)
date added to LUP
2008-01-31 16:37:34
date last changed
2017-11-05 04:41:15
@article{fa068a48-e1b0-4e76-b36e-1934bc6afdfc,
  abstract     = {This study examined emotional influences on the hypothesized event-related potential (ERP) correlates of familiarity and recollection (Experiment 1) and the states of awareness (Experiment 2) accompanying recognition memory for faces differing in facial affect. Participants made gender judgments to positive, negative, and neutral faces at study and were in the test phase instructed to discriminate between studied and nonstudied faces. Whereas old–new discrimination was unaffected by facial expression, negative faces were recollected to a greater extent than both positive and neutral faces as reflected in the parietal ERP old–new effect and in the proportion of remember judgments. Moreover, emotion specific modulations were observed in frontally recorded ERPs elicited by correctly rejected new faces that concurred with a more liberal response criterion for emotional as compared to neutral faces. Taken together, the results are consistent with the view that processes promoting recollection are facilitated for negative events and that emotion may affect recognition performance by influencing criterion setting mediated by the prefrontal cortex.},
  author       = {Johansson, Mikael and Mecklinger, Axel and Treese, Anne-Cécile},
  issn         = {1530-8898},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1840--1853},
  publisher    = {MIT Press},
  series       = {Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
  title        = {Recognition memory for emotional and neutral faces: An event-related potential study},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2004},
}