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The hegemony of integrated water resources management as a global water discourse

Mukhtarov, Farhad and Cherp, Aleh LU (2014) p.3-21
Abstract

The early form of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) emerged in the USA in the 1900s in order to manage interactions between water, land, eco- and social systems. By the end of the last century, IWRM has become a globally prominent policy concept. We concern ourselves with three questions, namely, a) “why did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; b) “how did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; and c) “what are the effects of IWRM being a globally popular concept”? We argue that this popularity can be explained in term of a neo-Gramscian concept of hegemony and the three-dimensional model of power. The hegemony of IWRM relies on: a) providing material incentives to engage with IWRM; b) directing normative persuasion... (More)

The early form of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) emerged in the USA in the 1900s in order to manage interactions between water, land, eco- and social systems. By the end of the last century, IWRM has become a globally prominent policy concept. We concern ourselves with three questions, namely, a) “why did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; b) “how did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; and c) “what are the effects of IWRM being a globally popular concept”? We argue that this popularity can be explained in term of a neo-Gramscian concept of hegemony and the three-dimensional model of power. The hegemony of IWRM relies on: a) providing material incentives to engage with IWRM; b) directing normative persuasion in order to create and diffuse the norms; and c) building up organizational hierarchies to support IWRM planning. Using water management in Kazakhstan as a case study, we demonstrate some of the risks associated with an uncritical embrace of IWRM which may stem from its global hegemony.

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author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fragmentation, Global water initiatives, Holistic management, IWRM, Kazakhstan, Neo-gramscian, Neoliberalism, Technocratic elites, Transnational actors, USA
host publication
River Basin Management in the Twenty-First Century : Understanding People and Place - Understanding People and Place
pages
19 pages
publisher
CRC Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85055171502
ISBN
9781466579620
9781466579637
DOI
10.1201/b17168
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9271e3a3-34d3-48d3-85dc-db293244c905
date added to LUP
2018-11-10 19:47:43
date last changed
2020-10-27 03:29:40
@inbook{9271e3a3-34d3-48d3-85dc-db293244c905,
  abstract     = {<p>The early form of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) emerged in the USA in the 1900s in order to manage interactions between water, land, eco- and social systems. By the end of the last century, IWRM has become a globally prominent policy concept. We concern ourselves with three questions, namely, a) “why did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; b) “how did IWRM become a globally popular concept”?; and c) “what are the effects of IWRM being a globally popular concept”? We argue that this popularity can be explained in term of a neo-Gramscian concept of hegemony and the three-dimensional model of power. The hegemony of IWRM relies on: a) providing material incentives to engage with IWRM; b) directing normative persuasion in order to create and diffuse the norms; and c) building up organizational hierarchies to support IWRM planning. Using water management in Kazakhstan as a case study, we demonstrate some of the risks associated with an uncritical embrace of IWRM which may stem from its global hegemony.</p>},
  author       = {Mukhtarov, Farhad and Cherp, Aleh},
  booktitle    = {River Basin Management in the Twenty-First Century : Understanding People and Place},
  isbn         = {9781466579620},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {3--21},
  publisher    = {CRC Press},
  title        = {The hegemony of integrated water resources management as a global water discourse},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b17168},
  doi          = {10.1201/b17168},
  year         = {2014},
}