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Age-related differences in familiarity and recollection: ERP evidence from a recognition memory study in children and young adults.

Czernochowski, Daniela; Mecklinger, Axel; Johansson, Mikael LU and Brinkmann, Michael (2005) In Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 5(4). p.417-433
Abstract
Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we examined the relative contributions of familiarity and recollection to recognition memory for items and their study contexts in school-aged children and adults. Whereas adults were able to selectively accept target items and to reject familiar nontarget items in ail exclusion task, this discrimination was more difficult for children, as was evident in the high false alarm rates to nontargets even when item memory was controlled for. The analysis of the adults' ERPs revealed more flexible and task-appropriate retrieval mechanisms, as was evident in the correlates of familiarity, recollection, mid nontarget retrieval, as well as in postretrieval evaluation. In contrast, children's ERPs revealed a... (More)
Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we examined the relative contributions of familiarity and recollection to recognition memory for items and their study contexts in school-aged children and adults. Whereas adults were able to selectively accept target items and to reject familiar nontarget items in ail exclusion task, this discrimination was more difficult for children, as was evident in the high false alarm rates to nontargets even when item memory was controlled for. The analysis of the adults' ERPs revealed more flexible and task-appropriate retrieval mechanisms, as was evident in the correlates of familiarity, recollection, mid nontarget retrieval, as well as in postretrieval evaluation. In contrast, children's ERPs revealed a parietal old/new effect for targets taken as a putative correlate of recollection. These findings suggest that children rely predominantly oil recollection during recognition judgments, even in the absence of efficient memory control processes. The latter processes enable adults to monitor and verify the retrieved information and to control nontarget retrieval in the service of adequate source memory performance. (Less)
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author
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS, EPISODIC RETRIEVAL, VISUAL COMPLEXITY, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, ITEM RECOGNITION, DISSOCIATION, LONG-TERM-MEMORY, NAME AGREEMENT, BRAIN POTENTIALS, CONFIDENCE JUDGMENTS
in
Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
volume
5
issue
4
pages
417 - 433
publisher
Psychonomic Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:33646459385
ISSN
1530-7026
DOI
10.3758/CABN.5.4.417
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
37e751f6-b2d1-4c15-8fd2-8fcac4de3631 (old id 939942)
date added to LUP
2008-01-23 18:18:24
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:31:59
@article{37e751f6-b2d1-4c15-8fd2-8fcac4de3631,
  abstract     = {Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we examined the relative contributions of familiarity and recollection to recognition memory for items and their study contexts in school-aged children and adults. Whereas adults were able to selectively accept target items and to reject familiar nontarget items in ail exclusion task, this discrimination was more difficult for children, as was evident in the high false alarm rates to nontargets even when item memory was controlled for. The analysis of the adults' ERPs revealed more flexible and task-appropriate retrieval mechanisms, as was evident in the correlates of familiarity, recollection, mid nontarget retrieval, as well as in postretrieval evaluation. In contrast, children's ERPs revealed a parietal old/new effect for targets taken as a putative correlate of recollection. These findings suggest that children rely predominantly oil recollection during recognition judgments, even in the absence of efficient memory control processes. The latter processes enable adults to monitor and verify the retrieved information and to control nontarget retrieval in the service of adequate source memory performance.},
  author       = {Czernochowski, Daniela and Mecklinger, Axel and Johansson, Mikael and Brinkmann, Michael},
  issn         = {1530-7026},
  keyword      = {EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS,EPISODIC RETRIEVAL,VISUAL COMPLEXITY,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,ITEM RECOGNITION,DISSOCIATION,LONG-TERM-MEMORY,NAME AGREEMENT,BRAIN POTENTIALS,CONFIDENCE JUDGMENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {417--433},
  publisher    = {Psychonomic Society},
  series       = {Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience},
  title        = {Age-related differences in familiarity and recollection: ERP evidence from a recognition memory study in children and young adults.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/CABN.5.4.417},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2005},
}