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Increase of ventricular interval during atrial fibrillation by atrioventricular node vagal stimulation : chronic clinical atrioventricular-nodal stimulation download study

Bianchi, Stefano ; Rossi, Pietro ; Schauerte, Patrick ; Elvan, Arif ; Blomström-Lundqvist, Carina ; Kornet, Lilian ; Gal, Pim ; Mörtsell, David LU ; Wouters, Griet and Gemein, Christopher (2015) In Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 8(3). p.8-562
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with a high ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased risk of receiving inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks. The objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of high frequency atrioventricular-nodal stimulation (AVNS) to reduce the ventricular rate during AF to prevent inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with a new atrial lead placement as part of a cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator implant and a history of paroxysmal or persistent AF were eligible. If proper atrial lead position was confirmed, AVNS software was uploaded to the cardiac resynchronization therapy device, tested, and optimized.... (More)

BACKGROUND: Patients with a high ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased risk of receiving inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks. The objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of high frequency atrioventricular-nodal stimulation (AVNS) to reduce the ventricular rate during AF to prevent inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with a new atrial lead placement as part of a cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator implant and a history of paroxysmal or persistent AF were eligible. If proper atrial lead position was confirmed, AVNS software was uploaded to the cardiac resynchronization therapy device, tested, and optimized. AVNS was delivered via a right atrial pacing lead positioned in the posterior right atrium. Software allowed initiation of high frequency bursts triggered on rapidly conducted AF. Importantly, the efficacy was evaluated during spontaneous AF episodes between 1 and 6 months after implant. Forty-four patients were enrolled in 4 centers. Successful atrial lead placement occurred in 74%. Median implant time of the AVNS lead was 37 minutes. In 26 (81%) patients, manual AVNS tests increased the ventricular interval by >25%. Between 1 and 6 months, automatic AVNS activations occurred in 4 patients with rapidly conducted AF, and in 3 patients, AVNS slowed the ventricular rate out of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator shock zone. No adverse events were associated with the AVNS software.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated the feasibility of implementation of AVNS in a cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator system. AVNS increased ventricular interval >25% in 81% of patients. AVNS did not influence the safety profile of the cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator system.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov; Unique Identifier: NCT01095952.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Aged, Algorithms, Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis, Atrioventricular Node/innervation, Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy/methods, Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices, Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control, Defibrillators, Implantable, Electric Countershock/adverse effects, Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac, Feasibility Studies, Female, Heart Ventricles/physiopathology, Humans, Italy, Male, Prosthesis Design, Prosthesis Failure, Software Design, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Vagus Nerve Stimulation/instrumentation
in
Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
volume
8
issue
3
pages
7 pages
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:25878323
  • scopus:84942914999
ISSN
1941-3084
DOI
10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002588
language
English
LU publication?
no
additional info
© 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
id
94d054e9-2067-4d09-b196-56fabca53f77
date added to LUP
2019-06-03 18:06:51
date last changed
2020-01-13 01:57:44
@article{94d054e9-2067-4d09-b196-56fabca53f77,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: Patients with a high ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) are at increased risk of receiving inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks. The objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of high frequency atrioventricular-nodal stimulation (AVNS) to reduce the ventricular rate during AF to prevent inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks.</p><p>METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with a new atrial lead placement as part of a cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator implant and a history of paroxysmal or persistent AF were eligible. If proper atrial lead position was confirmed, AVNS software was uploaded to the cardiac resynchronization therapy device, tested, and optimized. AVNS was delivered via a right atrial pacing lead positioned in the posterior right atrium. Software allowed initiation of high frequency bursts triggered on rapidly conducted AF. Importantly, the efficacy was evaluated during spontaneous AF episodes between 1 and 6 months after implant. Forty-four patients were enrolled in 4 centers. Successful atrial lead placement occurred in 74%. Median implant time of the AVNS lead was 37 minutes. In 26 (81%) patients, manual AVNS tests increased the ventricular interval by &gt;25%. Between 1 and 6 months, automatic AVNS activations occurred in 4 patients with rapidly conducted AF, and in 3 patients, AVNS slowed the ventricular rate out of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator shock zone. No adverse events were associated with the AVNS software.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated the feasibility of implementation of AVNS in a cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator system. AVNS increased ventricular interval &gt;25% in 81% of patients. AVNS did not influence the safety profile of the cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator system.</p><p>CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov; Unique Identifier: NCT01095952.</p>},
  author       = {Bianchi, Stefano and Rossi, Pietro and Schauerte, Patrick and Elvan, Arif and Blomström-Lundqvist, Carina and Kornet, Lilian and Gal, Pim and Mörtsell, David and Wouters, Griet and Gemein, Christopher},
  issn         = {1941-3084},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {8--562},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology},
  title        = {Increase of ventricular interval during atrial fibrillation by atrioventricular node vagal stimulation : chronic clinical atrioventricular-nodal stimulation download study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002588},
  doi          = {10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002588},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2015},
}