Advanced

Fire safety in military vehicles evaluation of ISO 3795

Svebrant, Johan; Van Hees, Patrick LU ; Åqvist, Johan and Nordberg, Pontus (2013) 13th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2013 In Fire and Materials 2013 - 13th International Conference and Exhibition, Conference Proceedings p.551-562
Abstract

It has been shown in previous studies that the current standard used to fire test interior materials in civilian and military vehicles, ISO 3795 (FMVSS 302), has led to a low level of fire safety of interior materials in civilian vehicles. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fire safety of interior materials in military vehicles. The aim was to suggest a fire test method to be used on interior materials in military vehicles, which correlate better to full scale fires. The aim was also to perform fire tests of a number of interior materials, and evaluate these. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m 2. Time to ignition was found to be short... (More)

It has been shown in previous studies that the current standard used to fire test interior materials in civilian and military vehicles, ISO 3795 (FMVSS 302), has led to a low level of fire safety of interior materials in civilian vehicles. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fire safety of interior materials in military vehicles. The aim was to suggest a fire test method to be used on interior materials in military vehicles, which correlate better to full scale fires. The aim was also to perform fire tests of a number of interior materials, and evaluate these. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m 2. Time to ignition was found to be short and the heat release rate to be high. The materials were evaluated according to criteria used for trains, high speed crafts and submarines. Only one material passed, but only for use on trains and only according to the criterion for 25 kW/m2. All other materials failed. A comparison was also made with materials from cars and buses, which have been tested in previous studies. It was found that materials from military vehicles ignite just as fast, or faster, compared to the results from previous studies on car and bus interior for civil purposes. The rate of heat release rate was however lower. It was found that ISO 3795 is not a suitable method to test interior materials in military vehicles and its use has led to a low level of fire safety of interior materials in military vehicles. A different test method to be used for fire testing interior materials in military vehicles is suggested; ISO 5660 cone calorimeter.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Fire and Materials 2013 - 13th International Conference and Exhibition, Conference Proceedings
pages
12 pages
conference name
13th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2013
external identifiers
  • scopus:84890837372
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
94da201b-bd0a-43d2-a3d8-a3b5b94b7e5c
date added to LUP
2016-11-05 14:04:07
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:33:45
@inproceedings{94da201b-bd0a-43d2-a3d8-a3b5b94b7e5c,
  abstract     = {<p>It has been shown in previous studies that the current standard used to fire test interior materials in civilian and military vehicles, ISO 3795 (FMVSS 302), has led to a low level of fire safety of interior materials in civilian vehicles. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fire safety of interior materials in military vehicles. The aim was to suggest a fire test method to be used on interior materials in military vehicles, which correlate better to full scale fires. The aim was also to perform fire tests of a number of interior materials, and evaluate these. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m <sup>2</sup>. Time to ignition was found to be short and the heat release rate to be high. The materials were evaluated according to criteria used for trains, high speed crafts and submarines. Only one material passed, but only for use on trains and only according to the criterion for 25 kW/m2. All other materials failed. A comparison was also made with materials from cars and buses, which have been tested in previous studies. It was found that materials from military vehicles ignite just as fast, or faster, compared to the results from previous studies on car and bus interior for civil purposes. The rate of heat release rate was however lower. It was found that ISO 3795 is not a suitable method to test interior materials in military vehicles and its use has led to a low level of fire safety of interior materials in military vehicles. A different test method to be used for fire testing interior materials in military vehicles is suggested; ISO 5660 cone calorimeter.</p>},
  author       = {Svebrant, Johan and Van Hees, Patrick and Åqvist, Johan and Nordberg, Pontus},
  booktitle    = {Fire and Materials 2013 - 13th International Conference and Exhibition, Conference Proceedings},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {551--562},
  title        = {Fire safety in military vehicles evaluation of ISO 3795},
  year         = {2013},
}