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Imagining China’s Madrid in Manchuria: The Communist Military Strategy at the Onset of the Chinese Civil War, 1945-46

Cheng, Victor LU (2005) In Modern China 31(1). p.72-114
Abstract
This article is an interdisciplinary study of CCP military decision making at the outset of the Civil War. The historical phenomenon of the Communists’ invocation of “Madrid” is studied in the context of the Chinese civil war in Manchuria, particularly the battle of Sipingjie. The strategic culture of the Communist leaders is discussed thematically in terms of their desire for a decisive battle, their expectation of a short war, and their propensity for preemptive strikes. Analyzing newly released primary documents, I argue that norms, beliefs, and material conditions work in tandem in the making of strategy in a way that the realist premise fails to explain. I conclude that the interaction of normative and material factors, symbolized by... (More)
This article is an interdisciplinary study of CCP military decision making at the outset of the Civil War. The historical phenomenon of the Communists’ invocation of “Madrid” is studied in the context of the Chinese civil war in Manchuria, particularly the battle of Sipingjie. The strategic culture of the Communist leaders is discussed thematically in terms of their desire for a decisive battle, their expectation of a short war, and their propensity for preemptive strikes. Analyzing newly released primary documents, I argue that norms, beliefs, and material conditions work in tandem in the making of strategy in a way that the realist premise fails to explain. I conclude that the interaction of normative and material factors, symbolized by the Madrid concept, heightened the CCP policy makers’ acceptance of risk in 1946, which foreshadowed the open general war in China over the following three years. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
military decision making, Chinese Civil War, strategic culture, Manchurian Civil War, battle of Sipingjie
in
Modern China
volume
31
issue
1
pages
72 - 114
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN
0097-7004
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
03da67c1-cd90-44d0-91f9-5b7549b941c2 (old id 950467)
date added to LUP
2008-01-26 17:22:23
date last changed
2016-06-29 09:04:20
@article{03da67c1-cd90-44d0-91f9-5b7549b941c2,
  abstract     = {This article is an interdisciplinary study of CCP military decision making at the outset of the Civil War. The historical phenomenon of the Communists’ invocation of “Madrid” is studied in the context of the Chinese civil war in Manchuria, particularly the battle of Sipingjie. The strategic culture of the Communist leaders is discussed thematically in terms of their desire for a decisive battle, their expectation of a short war, and their propensity for preemptive strikes. Analyzing newly released primary documents, I argue that norms, beliefs, and material conditions work in tandem in the making of strategy in a way that the realist premise fails to explain. I conclude that the interaction of normative and material factors, symbolized by the Madrid concept, heightened the CCP policy makers’ acceptance of risk in 1946, which foreshadowed the open general war in China over the following three years.},
  author       = {Cheng, Victor},
  issn         = {0097-7004},
  keyword      = {military decision making,Chinese Civil War,strategic culture,Manchurian Civil War,battle of Sipingjie},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {72--114},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Modern China},
  title        = {Imagining China’s Madrid in Manchuria: The Communist Military Strategy at the Onset of the Chinese Civil War, 1945-46},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2005},
}