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Effect of elevated atmospheric CO2 level on seed lipids and on diurnal leaf lipid composition in Arabidopsis thaliana

Ekman, Åsa; Stymne, Sten and Bülow, Leif LU (2006) 17th International Meeting on Plant Lipids In Current Advances in the Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Plant Lipids p.212-213
Abstract
While the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 level on starch and sugar metabolism have been extensively studied in different plants, the effect on plant lipid metabolism concerns only a few studies and none of these are on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. This study of the lipid composition in seeds and leaves of A. thaliana is therefore of interest when trying to predict how the future environment will change the conditions for plant lipid metabolism and oil crop productivity. Total leaf lipid concentration on a dry weight basis, starch excluded, was 15% lower at elevated CO2 compared to ambient. The fatty acid profile of total leaf lipids showed large diurnal variations, oleic acid increased 2-fold during the first 9 h of... (More)
While the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 level on starch and sugar metabolism have been extensively studied in different plants, the effect on plant lipid metabolism concerns only a few studies and none of these are on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. This study of the lipid composition in seeds and leaves of A. thaliana is therefore of interest when trying to predict how the future environment will change the conditions for plant lipid metabolism and oil crop productivity. Total leaf lipid concentration on a dry weight basis, starch excluded, was 15% lower at elevated CO2 compared to ambient. The fatty acid profile of total leaf lipids showed large diurnal variations, oleic acid increased 2-fold during the first 9 h of illumination and decreased correspondingly during night as expected of the light dependence of de novo fatty acid synthesis. Elevated CO2 did not induce any large differences in this diurnal pattern. However, elevated CO2 induced a 24% lower ratio trans Δ3hexadecenoic acid to palmitic acid in phosphatidyl glycerol. With good nutrient supply, growth at elevated CO2 did not affect either single seed weight, total seed mass, oil yield, or fatty acid profile of seeds significantly. This study shows that elevated atmospheric CO2 cause changes in leaf lipid metabolism in the plant A. thaliana, however, no large differences in seed lipids can be observed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Current Advances in the Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Plant Lipids
editor
Ohlrogge, John; Benning, Christoph; and
pages
212 - 213
publisher
Aardvark Global Publishing Company, LLC
conference name
17th International Meeting on Plant Lipids
ISBN
978-1-4276-1965-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7e0524db-82cd-43dc-80c9-c2fe9a7ca0c8 (old id 950752)
date added to LUP
2008-03-07 10:43:15
date last changed
2016-04-16 09:35:48
@inproceedings{7e0524db-82cd-43dc-80c9-c2fe9a7ca0c8,
  abstract     = {While the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 level on starch and sugar metabolism have been extensively studied in different plants, the effect on plant lipid metabolism concerns only a few studies and none of these are on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. This study of the lipid composition in seeds and leaves of A. thaliana is therefore of interest when trying to predict how the future environment will change the conditions for plant lipid metabolism and oil crop productivity. Total leaf lipid concentration on a dry weight basis, starch excluded, was 15% lower at elevated CO2 compared to ambient. The fatty acid profile of total leaf lipids showed large diurnal variations, oleic acid increased 2-fold during the first 9 h of illumination and decreased correspondingly during night as expected of the light dependence of de novo fatty acid synthesis. Elevated CO2 did not induce any large differences in this diurnal pattern. However, elevated CO2 induced a 24% lower ratio trans Δ3hexadecenoic acid to palmitic acid in phosphatidyl glycerol. With good nutrient supply, growth at elevated CO2 did not affect either single seed weight, total seed mass, oil yield, or fatty acid profile of seeds significantly. This study shows that elevated atmospheric CO2 cause changes in leaf lipid metabolism in the plant A. thaliana, however, no large differences in seed lipids can be observed.},
  author       = {Ekman, Åsa and Stymne, Sten and Bülow, Leif},
  booktitle    = {Current Advances in the Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Plant Lipids},
  editor       = {Ohlrogge, John and Benning, Christoph},
  isbn         = {978-1-4276-1965-5},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {212--213},
  publisher    = {Aardvark Global Publishing Company, LLC},
  title        = {Effect of elevated atmospheric CO2 level on seed lipids and on diurnal leaf lipid composition in Arabidopsis thaliana},
  year         = {2006},
}