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Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures

Cereser, Alberto; Strobl, Markus LU ; Hall, Stephen A. LU ; Steuwer, Axel LU ; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Tremsin, Anton S; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach; Shinohara, Takenao; Willendrup, Peter K. LU and Da Silva Fanta, Alice Bastos, et al. (2017) In Scientific Reports 7(1).
Abstract

The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample... (More)

The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).

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Scientific Reports
volume
7
issue
1
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Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85028421408
  • wos:000408449000040
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w
language
English
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yes
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952c145a-9462-4bd7-bf4a-cc04c00322dd
date added to LUP
2017-09-05 12:50:40
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2018-10-07 04:59:50
@article{952c145a-9462-4bd7-bf4a-cc04c00322dd,
  abstract     = {<p>The physical properties of polycrystalline materials depend on their microstructure, which is the nano- to centimeter scale arrangement of phases and defects in their interior. Such microstructure depends on the shape, crystallographic phase and orientation, and interfacing of the grains constituting the material. This article presents a new non-destructive 3D technique to study centimeter-sized bulk samples with a spatial resolution of hundred micrometers: time-of-flight three-dimensional neutron diffraction (ToF 3DND). Compared to existing analogous X-ray diffraction techniques, ToF 3DND enables studies of samples that can be both larger in size and made of heavier elements. Moreover, ToF 3DND facilitates the use of complicated sample environments. The basic ToF 3DND setup, utilizing an imaging detector with high spatial and temporal resolution, can easily be implemented at a time-of-flight neutron beamline. The technique was developed and tested with data collected at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) for an iron sample. We successfully reconstructed the shape of 108 grains and developed an indexing procedure. The reconstruction algorithms have been validated by reconstructing two stacked Co-Ni-Ga single crystals, and by comparison with a grain map obtained by post-mortem electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).</p>},
  articleno    = {9561},
  author       = {Cereser, Alberto and Strobl, Markus and Hall, Stephen A. and Steuwer, Axel and Kiyanagi, Ryoji and Tremsin, Anton S and Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach and Shinohara, Takenao and Willendrup, Peter K. and Da Silva Fanta, Alice Bastos and Iyengar, Srinivasan and Larsen, Peter Mose and Hanashima, Takayasu and Moyoshi, Taketo and Kadletz, Peter M. and Krooß, Philipp and Niendorf, Thomas and Sales, Morten and Schmahl, Wolfgang W. and Schmidt, Søren},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Scientific Reports},
  title        = {Time-of-Flight Three Dimensional Neutron Diffraction in Transmission Mode for Mapping Crystal Grain Structures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-09717-w},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2017},
}