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Skilled migration and innovation in European industries

Fassio, Claudio LU ; Montobbio, Fabio and Venturini, Alessandra (2018) In Research Policy
Abstract

This paper studies the effects of skilled migration on innovation –proxied by patent citations- in European industries between 1994 and 2005, using the French and the UK Labour Force Surveys and the German Microcensus. Highly-educated migrants have a positive effect on innovation, but the effect differs across industries. It is stronger in industries with low levels of overeducation, high levels of FDIs and openness to trade and, finally, in industries with higher ethnic diversity. The aggregate effect of the skilled immigrant is about one third the one of the skilled natives. We tackle the endogeneity of migrants with a set of external and internal instruments.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Europe, Innovation, Migration, Patents, Skills
in
Research Policy
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85057014683
ISSN
0048-7333
DOI
10.1016/j.respol.2018.11.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9645e4c6-08c5-4fb6-ba7d-38c4dbadab47
date added to LUP
2018-12-04 14:22:47
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:38:56
@article{9645e4c6-08c5-4fb6-ba7d-38c4dbadab47,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper studies the effects of skilled migration on innovation –proxied by patent citations- in European industries between 1994 and 2005, using the French and the UK Labour Force Surveys and the German Microcensus. Highly-educated migrants have a positive effect on innovation, but the effect differs across industries. It is stronger in industries with low levels of overeducation, high levels of FDIs and openness to trade and, finally, in industries with higher ethnic diversity. The aggregate effect of the skilled immigrant is about one third the one of the skilled natives. We tackle the endogeneity of migrants with a set of external and internal instruments.</p>},
  author       = {Fassio, Claudio and Montobbio, Fabio and Venturini, Alessandra},
  issn         = {0048-7333},
  keyword      = {Europe,Innovation,Migration,Patents,Skills},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research Policy},
  title        = {Skilled migration and innovation in European industries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.11.002},
  year         = {2018},
}