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Nicotine use and its correlates in patients with psychosis

Levander, Sten LU ; Eberhard, Jonas LU and Lindstrom, E (2007) In Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 116(Suppl. 435). p.27-32
Abstract
Objective: To examine nicotine use and its correlates among psychotic patients. Method: Longitudinal naturalistic study of 176 patients, diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-related psychotic disorders, and treated with risperidone at study entry. Levels of nicotine use (smoking, snuffing) were measured along with other relevant ratings and measurements (symptoms, drug treatment, side effects, weight, cognitive functions and outcome) at baseline and once yearly for 5 years. Results: Nicotine use was twice as common as in the general population. Only few nicotine users had started after onset of psychoses. We could not find any differences among nicotine users and non-users in diagnosis, symptoms, side effects, weight, cognitive... (More)
Objective: To examine nicotine use and its correlates among psychotic patients. Method: Longitudinal naturalistic study of 176 patients, diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-related psychotic disorders, and treated with risperidone at study entry. Levels of nicotine use (smoking, snuffing) were measured along with other relevant ratings and measurements (symptoms, drug treatment, side effects, weight, cognitive functions and outcome) at baseline and once yearly for 5 years. Results: Nicotine use was twice as common as in the general population. Only few nicotine users had started after onset of psychoses. We could not find any differences among nicotine users and non-users in diagnosis, symptoms, side effects, weight, cognitive functions, personality and outcome, cross-sectionally and longitudinally, ruling against the 'self-medication' hypothesis. Conclusion: A parsimonious interpretation of the findings is that patients suffering from psychosis fail to desist from nicotine rather than experience significant positive effects of the usage. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
nicotine, snuffing, smoking, schizophrenia, psychosis, longitudinal
in
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
volume
116
issue
Suppl. 435
pages
27 - 32
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000251503800004
  • scopus:35448984658
ISSN
1600-0447
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01085.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
689cb903-1b8f-4de8-b1a4-4d3ea16b856c (old id 966449)
date added to LUP
2008-01-29 15:24:03
date last changed
2017-08-09 14:34:53
@article{689cb903-1b8f-4de8-b1a4-4d3ea16b856c,
  abstract     = {Objective: To examine nicotine use and its correlates among psychotic patients. Method: Longitudinal naturalistic study of 176 patients, diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-related psychotic disorders, and treated with risperidone at study entry. Levels of nicotine use (smoking, snuffing) were measured along with other relevant ratings and measurements (symptoms, drug treatment, side effects, weight, cognitive functions and outcome) at baseline and once yearly for 5 years. Results: Nicotine use was twice as common as in the general population. Only few nicotine users had started after onset of psychoses. We could not find any differences among nicotine users and non-users in diagnosis, symptoms, side effects, weight, cognitive functions, personality and outcome, cross-sectionally and longitudinally, ruling against the 'self-medication' hypothesis. Conclusion: A parsimonious interpretation of the findings is that patients suffering from psychosis fail to desist from nicotine rather than experience significant positive effects of the usage.},
  author       = {Levander, Sten and Eberhard, Jonas and Lindstrom, E},
  issn         = {1600-0447},
  keyword      = {nicotine,snuffing,smoking,schizophrenia,psychosis,longitudinal},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Suppl. 435},
  pages        = {27--32},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Nicotine use and its correlates in patients with psychosis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01085.x},
  volume       = {116},
  year         = {2007},
}