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Contaminations of soil and two capsicum annuum generations irrigated by reused urban wastewater treated by different reed beds

Almuktar, Suhad A.A.A.N.; Abed, Suhail N. and Scholz, Miklas LU (2018) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(8).
Abstract

Background: In order to save potable water, this study aims to evaluate the contamination of soil and Capsicum annuum L. (chilli) watered with urban wastewater (sewage) pre-treated by various wetland systems. Methods: The appropriateness of wetland outflow for irrigation when applying reused wastewater with high contamination of minerals and pathogens was assessed. The impact of wastewaters pre-treated by various wetlands on soil and harvest was tested in terms of mineral and biological contamination risk. Results: The wetlands met the standards for irrigation water for most water quality variables. However, the thresholds for key water quality parameters were significantly (p < 0.05) exceeded. The highest values for total coliforms,... (More)

Background: In order to save potable water, this study aims to evaluate the contamination of soil and Capsicum annuum L. (chilli) watered with urban wastewater (sewage) pre-treated by various wetland systems. Methods: The appropriateness of wetland outflow for irrigation when applying reused wastewater with high contamination of minerals and pathogens was assessed. The impact of wastewaters pre-treated by various wetlands on soil and harvest was tested in terms of mineral and biological contamination risk. Results: The wetlands met the standards for irrigation water for most water quality variables. However, the thresholds for key water quality parameters were significantly (p < 0.05) exceeded. The highest values for total coliforms, ammonium-nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were 157,072 CFU/100 mL, 8.5 mg/L, 5.0 mg/L, and 7.0 mg/L, respectively. The harvest was moderately polluted only by zinc according to vegetable quality standards (threshold of 50 mg/kg). Zinc concentrations for Filters 2, 4, 6, 7 and 8 were 35.8, 60.6, 65.1, 65.5 and 53.2 mg/kg, respectively. No bacterial contamination was detected. Conclusions: Treatment of domestic wastewater applying constructed wetlands and subsequent recycling of the treated wastewater for irrigation of crops is a good substitute to the traditional application of drinking water for irrigation purposes.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Constructed wetland, Cultivar, Ecological engineering, Irrigation water quality, Sewage treatment, Sustainable development, Zinc
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
15
issue
8
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85051937576
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph15081776
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9cdb8b6c-e05d-4982-8cc4-611cc26c7bfe
date added to LUP
2018-09-26 14:54:55
date last changed
2018-10-03 11:21:39
@article{9cdb8b6c-e05d-4982-8cc4-611cc26c7bfe,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: In order to save potable water, this study aims to evaluate the contamination of soil and Capsicum annuum L. (chilli) watered with urban wastewater (sewage) pre-treated by various wetland systems. Methods: The appropriateness of wetland outflow for irrigation when applying reused wastewater with high contamination of minerals and pathogens was assessed. The impact of wastewaters pre-treated by various wetlands on soil and harvest was tested in terms of mineral and biological contamination risk. Results: The wetlands met the standards for irrigation water for most water quality variables. However, the thresholds for key water quality parameters were significantly (p &lt; 0.05) exceeded. The highest values for total coliforms, ammonium-nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were 157,072 CFU/100 mL, 8.5 mg/L, 5.0 mg/L, and 7.0 mg/L, respectively. The harvest was moderately polluted only by zinc according to vegetable quality standards (threshold of 50 mg/kg). Zinc concentrations for Filters 2, 4, 6, 7 and 8 were 35.8, 60.6, 65.1, 65.5 and 53.2 mg/kg, respectively. No bacterial contamination was detected. Conclusions: Treatment of domestic wastewater applying constructed wetlands and subsequent recycling of the treated wastewater for irrigation of crops is a good substitute to the traditional application of drinking water for irrigation purposes.</p>},
  articleno    = {1776},
  author       = {Almuktar, Suhad A.A.A.N. and Abed, Suhail N. and Scholz, Miklas},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Constructed wetland,Cultivar,Ecological engineering,Irrigation water quality,Sewage treatment,Sustainable development,Zinc},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {8},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Contaminations of soil and two capsicum annuum generations irrigated by reused urban wastewater treated by different reed beds},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081776},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2018},
}