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The economic costs of seal presence in Swedish small-scale fisheries

Waldo, Staffan LU ; Paulrud, Anton and Blomquist, Johan LU (2020) In ICES Journal of Marine Science 77(2). p.815-825
Abstract

Growing seal populations are examples of successful marine management, and the seals are often seen as a symbol of a thriving ecosystem. However, seals are well known to interact with local small-scale fisheries by feeding from the gears. This causes both lost catches and broken gear, which negatively affect the economic viability of the small-scale fisheries. While lost catches are known to be substantial, no information is currently available on costs for mending gear, searching for fishing grounds with less seals, etc. This article estimates these costs from a questionnaire sent to Swedish fishers. The total cost due to seals for small-scale fisheries is about €690 000, which corresponds to 7% of the expenditure for purchased goods... (More)

Growing seal populations are examples of successful marine management, and the seals are often seen as a symbol of a thriving ecosystem. However, seals are well known to interact with local small-scale fisheries by feeding from the gears. This causes both lost catches and broken gear, which negatively affect the economic viability of the small-scale fisheries. While lost catches are known to be substantial, no information is currently available on costs for mending gear, searching for fishing grounds with less seals, etc. This article estimates these costs from a questionnaire sent to Swedish fishers. The total cost due to seals for small-scale fisheries is about €690 000, which corresponds to 7% of the expenditure for purchased goods (not labour and capital). The total time spent on seal-related work corresponds to ∼8% of total working time. Combining additional costs with revenue losses due to decreased catches, it is shown that the economic viability of the small-scale fisheries becomes low due to the seal interaction, which affects the economic and social sustainability of the sector.

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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fisheries, marine mammals, seal
in
ICES Journal of Marine Science
volume
77
issue
2
pages
11 pages
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85082304582
ISSN
1054-3139
DOI
10.1093/icesjms/fsz221
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9d975271-9bbd-4936-8825-f383017f89b1
date added to LUP
2020-04-07 09:23:18
date last changed
2020-12-29 02:57:35
@article{9d975271-9bbd-4936-8825-f383017f89b1,
  abstract     = {<p>Growing seal populations are examples of successful marine management, and the seals are often seen as a symbol of a thriving ecosystem. However, seals are well known to interact with local small-scale fisheries by feeding from the gears. This causes both lost catches and broken gear, which negatively affect the economic viability of the small-scale fisheries. While lost catches are known to be substantial, no information is currently available on costs for mending gear, searching for fishing grounds with less seals, etc. This article estimates these costs from a questionnaire sent to Swedish fishers. The total cost due to seals for small-scale fisheries is about €690 000, which corresponds to 7% of the expenditure for purchased goods (not labour and capital). The total time spent on seal-related work corresponds to ∼8% of total working time. Combining additional costs with revenue losses due to decreased catches, it is shown that the economic viability of the small-scale fisheries becomes low due to the seal interaction, which affects the economic and social sustainability of the sector.</p>},
  author       = {Waldo, Staffan and Paulrud, Anton and Blomquist, Johan},
  issn         = {1054-3139},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {815--825},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {ICES Journal of Marine Science},
  title        = {The economic costs of seal presence in Swedish small-scale fisheries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsz221},
  doi          = {10.1093/icesjms/fsz221},
  volume       = {77},
  year         = {2020},
}