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Comparison of experimental ponds for the treatment of dye wastewater under controlled and semi-natural conditions

Yaseen, Dina A. and Scholz, Miklas LU (2017) In Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(19). p.16031-16040
Abstract

This study compares the performance of simulated shallow ponds vegetated with Lemna minor L. under controlled and semi-natural conditions for the treatment of simulated wastewater containing textile dyes. The objectives were to assess the water quality outflow parameters, the potential of L. minor concerning the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and four azo dyes (Acid blue 113, reactive blue 198, Direct Orange 46 and Basic Red 46) and the plants’ growth rate. Findings show that all mean outflow values of COD, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) were significantly (p < 0.05) lower within the outdoor compared to the indoor experiment except the dissolved oxygen (DO). The COD removal was low for both... (More)

This study compares the performance of simulated shallow ponds vegetated with Lemna minor L. under controlled and semi-natural conditions for the treatment of simulated wastewater containing textile dyes. The objectives were to assess the water quality outflow parameters, the potential of L. minor concerning the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and four azo dyes (Acid blue 113, reactive blue 198, Direct Orange 46 and Basic Red 46) and the plants’ growth rate. Findings show that all mean outflow values of COD, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) were significantly (p < 0.05) lower within the outdoor compared to the indoor experiment except the dissolved oxygen (DO). The COD removal was low for both experiments. The outflow TDS values were acceptable for all ponds. The pond systems were able to reduce only BR46 significantly (p < 0.05) for the tested boundary conditions. Removals under laboratory conditions were better than those for semi-natural environments, indicating the suitability of operating the pond system as a polishing step in warmer regions. The mean outflow values of zinc and copper were below the thresholds set for drinking and irrigation waters and acceptable for L. minor. The dyes inhibited the growth of the L. minor.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Basic Red 46, Biological treatment, Environmental conditions, Fertiliser, Lemna minor L., Pond system, Synthetic dye, Textile
in
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
volume
24
issue
19
pages
16031 - 16040
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85019889830
  • wos:000405561200014
ISSN
0944-1344
DOI
10.1007/s11356-017-9245-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9db7b9cf-78aa-4c54-a232-ef98f2eaa97b
date added to LUP
2017-06-14 13:41:34
date last changed
2018-04-22 04:29:42
@article{9db7b9cf-78aa-4c54-a232-ef98f2eaa97b,
  abstract     = {<p>This study compares the performance of simulated shallow ponds vegetated with Lemna minor L. under controlled and semi-natural conditions for the treatment of simulated wastewater containing textile dyes. The objectives were to assess the water quality outflow parameters, the potential of L. minor concerning the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and four azo dyes (Acid blue 113, reactive blue 198, Direct Orange 46 and Basic Red 46) and the plants’ growth rate. Findings show that all mean outflow values of COD, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) were significantly (p &lt; 0.05) lower within the outdoor compared to the indoor experiment except the dissolved oxygen (DO). The COD removal was low for both experiments. The outflow TDS values were acceptable for all ponds. The pond systems were able to reduce only BR46 significantly (p &lt; 0.05) for the tested boundary conditions. Removals under laboratory conditions were better than those for semi-natural environments, indicating the suitability of operating the pond system as a polishing step in warmer regions. The mean outflow values of zinc and copper were below the thresholds set for drinking and irrigation waters and acceptable for L. minor. The dyes inhibited the growth of the L. minor.</p>},
  author       = {Yaseen, Dina A. and Scholz, Miklas},
  issn         = {0944-1344},
  keyword      = {Basic Red 46,Biological treatment,Environmental conditions,Fertiliser,Lemna minor L.,Pond system,Synthetic dye,Textile},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {19},
  pages        = {16031--16040},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environmental Science and Pollution Research},
  title        = {Comparison of experimental ponds for the treatment of dye wastewater under controlled and semi-natural conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9245-5},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2017},
}