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Pesticides and pollinators : A socioecological synthesis

Sponsler, Douglas B.; Grozinger, Christina M.; Hitaj, Claudia; Rundlöf, Maj LU ; Botías, Cristina; Code, Aimee; Lonsdorf, Eric V.; Melathopoulos, Andony P.; Smith, David J. and Suryanarayanan, Sainath, et al. (2019) In Science of the Total Environment 662. p.1012-1027
Abstract

The relationship between pesticides and pollinators, while attracting no shortage of attention from scientists, regulators, and the public, has proven resistant to scientific synthesis and fractious in matters of policy and public opinion. This is in part because the issue has been approached in a compartmentalized and intradisciplinary way, such that evaluations of organismal pesticide effects remain largely disjoint from their upstream drivers and downstream consequences. Here, we present a socioecological framework designed to synthesize the pesticide-pollinator system and inform future scholarship and action. Our framework consists of three interlocking domains-pesticide use, pesticide exposure, and pesticide effects–each consisting... (More)

The relationship between pesticides and pollinators, while attracting no shortage of attention from scientists, regulators, and the public, has proven resistant to scientific synthesis and fractious in matters of policy and public opinion. This is in part because the issue has been approached in a compartmentalized and intradisciplinary way, such that evaluations of organismal pesticide effects remain largely disjoint from their upstream drivers and downstream consequences. Here, we present a socioecological framework designed to synthesize the pesticide-pollinator system and inform future scholarship and action. Our framework consists of three interlocking domains-pesticide use, pesticide exposure, and pesticide effects–each consisting of causally linked patterns, processes, and states. We elaborate each of these domains and their linkages, reviewing relevant literature and providing empirical case studies. We then propose guidelines for future pesticide-pollinator scholarship and action agenda aimed at strengthening knowledge in neglected domains and integrating knowledge across domains to provide decision support for stakeholders and policymakers. Specifically, we emphasize (1) stakeholder engagement, (2) mechanistic study of pesticide exposure, (3) understanding the propagation of pesticide effects across levels of organization, and (4) full-cost accounting of the externalities of pesticide use and regulation. Addressing these items will require transdisciplinary collaborations within and beyond the scientific community, including the expertise of farmers, agrochemical developers, and policymakers in an extended peer community.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bee, Ecosystem services, Ecotoxicology, Framework, Risk assessment
in
Science of the Total Environment
volume
662
pages
16 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85061647443
ISSN
0048-9697
DOI
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.016
language
English
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yes
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9ec51d99-6a83-4a11-94bf-e10ffc044bc1
date added to LUP
2019-02-25 11:19:48
date last changed
2019-03-27 04:39:18
@article{9ec51d99-6a83-4a11-94bf-e10ffc044bc1,
  abstract     = {<p>The relationship between pesticides and pollinators, while attracting no shortage of attention from scientists, regulators, and the public, has proven resistant to scientific synthesis and fractious in matters of policy and public opinion. This is in part because the issue has been approached in a compartmentalized and intradisciplinary way, such that evaluations of organismal pesticide effects remain largely disjoint from their upstream drivers and downstream consequences. Here, we present a socioecological framework designed to synthesize the pesticide-pollinator system and inform future scholarship and action. Our framework consists of three interlocking domains-pesticide use, pesticide exposure, and pesticide effects–each consisting of causally linked patterns, processes, and states. We elaborate each of these domains and their linkages, reviewing relevant literature and providing empirical case studies. We then propose guidelines for future pesticide-pollinator scholarship and action agenda aimed at strengthening knowledge in neglected domains and integrating knowledge across domains to provide decision support for stakeholders and policymakers. Specifically, we emphasize (1) stakeholder engagement, (2) mechanistic study of pesticide exposure, (3) understanding the propagation of pesticide effects across levels of organization, and (4) full-cost accounting of the externalities of pesticide use and regulation. Addressing these items will require transdisciplinary collaborations within and beyond the scientific community, including the expertise of farmers, agrochemical developers, and policymakers in an extended peer community.</p>},
  author       = {Sponsler, Douglas B. and Grozinger, Christina M. and Hitaj, Claudia and Rundlöf, Maj and Botías, Cristina and Code, Aimee and Lonsdorf, Eric V. and Melathopoulos, Andony P. and Smith, David J. and Suryanarayanan, Sainath and Thogmartin, Wayne E. and Williams, Neal M. and Zhang, Minghua and Douglas, Margaret R.},
  issn         = {0048-9697},
  keyword      = {Bee,Ecosystem services,Ecotoxicology,Framework,Risk assessment},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1012--1027},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Science of the Total Environment},
  title        = {Pesticides and pollinators : A socioecological synthesis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.016},
  volume       = {662},
  year         = {2019},
}