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Dally-like protein, a new Drosophila glypican with expression overlapping with wingless

Khare, Narmada LU and Baumgartner, Stefan LU (2000) In Mechanisms of Development 99(1-2). p.199-202
Abstract

Proteoglycans, the molecules of extracellular matrix, carry a highly negative charge due to their glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains and large volumes. They were considered to play a secondary role in activities like cell division, adhesion, blood coagulation, etc. until the importance of their sugar chains in the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling was discovered (Science 252 (1991) 1705; Cell 64 (1991) 841). Studies of mutations in the genes sugarless(sgl) and sulfateless (sfl) have proved that the proteoglycans involved in Wg signalling contain heparan sulfate GAG chains (Development 124 (1997) 2623; Development 124 (1997) 3055; Development 124 (1997) 3565; Development 126 (1999) 3715). This has led to the attribution of specific... (More)

Proteoglycans, the molecules of extracellular matrix, carry a highly negative charge due to their glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains and large volumes. They were considered to play a secondary role in activities like cell division, adhesion, blood coagulation, etc. until the importance of their sugar chains in the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling was discovered (Science 252 (1991) 1705; Cell 64 (1991) 841). Studies of mutations in the genes sugarless(sgl) and sulfateless (sfl) have proved that the proteoglycans involved in Wg signalling contain heparan sulfate GAG chains (Development 124 (1997) 2623; Development 124 (1997) 3055; Development 124 (1997) 3565; Development 126 (1999) 3715). This has led to the attribution of specific functions to these molecules (J. Cell Biol. 148 (2000) 227). The Glypican family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) is characterized by core proteins with conserved cysteine residues and attachment to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchor. This may lead to endocytic pathways that are different from other HSPGs, higher lateral mobility and possible apical localisation in a cell (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA 85 (1988) 9557). Variations in their HS contents may effect binding properties and localisation (J. Cell Biol. 124 (1994) 149; J. Cell Biol. 132 (1996) 487), thus specialising each member for a unique biological function. Glypicans play important roles in morphogenetic pathways, e.g. human glypican 3 (GPC3) is mutated in Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome making an individual prone to tumours (Nat. Genet. 12 (1996) 241). Dally, the first Drosophila member of the family, is essential for the wingless and decapentaplegic signalling pathways (Development 121 (1995) 3687; Development 124 (1997) 4113). Here, we report a new Drosophila glypican, dally-like protein (dlp) with all the features of a glypican. Based on expression studies we report its colocalisation with Wg. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

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author
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Dally, Drosophila, Extracellular matrix, Glypican, Wingless
in
Mechanisms of Development
volume
99
issue
1-2
pages
199 - 202
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:11091094
  • scopus:0033736265
ISSN
0925-4773
DOI
10.1016/S0925-4773(00)00502-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a05d335c-ab48-4cd4-9f2f-a6872223ed54
date added to LUP
2019-05-21 14:05:03
date last changed
2021-06-16 05:51:46
@article{a05d335c-ab48-4cd4-9f2f-a6872223ed54,
  abstract     = {<p>Proteoglycans, the molecules of extracellular matrix, carry a highly negative charge due to their glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains and large volumes. They were considered to play a secondary role in activities like cell division, adhesion, blood coagulation, etc. until the importance of their sugar chains in the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling was discovered (Science 252 (1991) 1705; Cell 64 (1991) 841). Studies of mutations in the genes sugarless(sgl) and sulfateless (sfl) have proved that the proteoglycans involved in Wg signalling contain heparan sulfate GAG chains (Development 124 (1997) 2623; Development 124 (1997) 3055; Development 124 (1997) 3565; Development 126 (1999) 3715). This has led to the attribution of specific functions to these molecules (J. Cell Biol. 148 (2000) 227). The Glypican family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) is characterized by core proteins with conserved cysteine residues and attachment to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchor. This may lead to endocytic pathways that are different from other HSPGs, higher lateral mobility and possible apical localisation in a cell (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA 85 (1988) 9557). Variations in their HS contents may effect binding properties and localisation (J. Cell Biol. 124 (1994) 149; J. Cell Biol. 132 (1996) 487), thus specialising each member for a unique biological function. Glypicans play important roles in morphogenetic pathways, e.g. human glypican 3 (GPC3) is mutated in Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome making an individual prone to tumours (Nat. Genet. 12 (1996) 241). Dally, the first Drosophila member of the family, is essential for the wingless and decapentaplegic signalling pathways (Development 121 (1995) 3687; Development 124 (1997) 4113). Here, we report a new Drosophila glypican, dally-like protein (dlp) with all the features of a glypican. Based on expression studies we report its colocalisation with Wg. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.</p>},
  author       = {Khare, Narmada and Baumgartner, Stefan},
  issn         = {0925-4773},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {199--202},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Mechanisms of Development},
  title        = {Dally-like protein, a new Drosophila glypican with expression overlapping with wingless},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4773(00)00502-5},
  doi          = {10.1016/S0925-4773(00)00502-5},
  volume       = {99},
  year         = {2000},
}