Advanced

Sustainability Challenges from Climate Change and Air Conditioning Use in Urban Areas

Lundgren Kownacki, Karin LU and Kjellstöm, Tord (2013) In Sustainability 5(7). p.3116-3128
Abstract
Global climate change increases heat loads in urban areas causing health and productivity risks for millions of people. Inhabitants in tropical and subtropical urban areas are at especial risk due to high population density, already high temperatures, and temperature increases due to climate change. Air conditioning is growing rapidly, especially in South and South-East Asia due to income growth and the need to protect from high heat exposures. Studies have linked increased total hourly electricity use to outdoor temperatures and humidity; modeled future predictions when facing additional heat due to climate change, related air conditioning with increased street level heat and estimated future air conditioning use in major urban areas.... (More)
Global climate change increases heat loads in urban areas causing health and productivity risks for millions of people. Inhabitants in tropical and subtropical urban areas are at especial risk due to high population density, already high temperatures, and temperature increases due to climate change. Air conditioning is growing rapidly, especially in South and South-East Asia due to income growth and the need to protect from high heat exposures. Studies have linked increased total hourly electricity use to outdoor temperatures and humidity; modeled future predictions when facing additional heat due to climate change, related air conditioning with increased street level heat and estimated future air conditioning use in major urban areas. However, global and localized studies linking climate variables with air conditioning alone are lacking. More research and detailed data is needed looking at the effects of increasing air conditioning use, electricity consumption, climate change and interactions with the urban heat island effect. Climate change mitigation, for example using renewable energy sources, particularly photovoltaic electricity generation, to power air conditioning, and other sustainable methods to reduce heat exposure are needed to make future urban areas more climate resilient. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
air conditioning, climate change, urban heat island, urban health, resilience
in
Sustainability
volume
5
issue
7
pages
3116 - 3128
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • wos:000324049900017
  • scopus:84882942575
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su5073116
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a0620c45-97e1-4187-84f3-48af0e5cb91c (old id 4000951)
date added to LUP
2013-08-23 14:11:17
date last changed
2019-08-14 02:09:10
@article{a0620c45-97e1-4187-84f3-48af0e5cb91c,
  abstract     = {Global climate change increases heat loads in urban areas causing health and productivity risks for millions of people. Inhabitants in tropical and subtropical urban areas are at especial risk due to high population density, already high temperatures, and temperature increases due to climate change. Air conditioning is growing rapidly, especially in South and South-East Asia due to income growth and the need to protect from high heat exposures. Studies have linked increased total hourly electricity use to outdoor temperatures and humidity; modeled future predictions when facing additional heat due to climate change, related air conditioning with increased street level heat and estimated future air conditioning use in major urban areas. However, global and localized studies linking climate variables with air conditioning alone are lacking. More research and detailed data is needed looking at the effects of increasing air conditioning use, electricity consumption, climate change and interactions with the urban heat island effect. Climate change mitigation, for example using renewable energy sources, particularly photovoltaic electricity generation, to power air conditioning, and other sustainable methods to reduce heat exposure are needed to make future urban areas more climate resilient.},
  author       = {Lundgren Kownacki, Karin and Kjellstöm, Tord},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  keyword      = {air conditioning,climate change,urban heat island,urban health,resilience},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {3116--3128},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Sustainability},
  title        = {Sustainability Challenges from Climate Change and Air Conditioning Use in Urban Areas},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su5073116},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2013},
}