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Treatment of depression and/or anxiety - outcomes of a randomised controlled trial of the tree theme method® versus regular occupational therapy

Birgitta Gunnarsson, A.; Wagman, Petra; Hedin, Katarina LU and Håkansson, Carita LU (2018) In BMC psychology 6(1).
Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Methods: This randomised controlled trial included patients from three counties in Sweden. Men and women with depression and/or anxiety... (More)

Background: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Methods: This randomised controlled trial included patients from three counties in Sweden. Men and women with depression and/or anxiety disorders, ages 18 to 65, were randomised to either TTM or regular occupational therapy. Assessment data were collected at baseline and the follow-up directly after completing the intervention. Non-parametric and parametric statistical methods were used. Results: The questionnaires were answered by 118 patients at baseline and by 107 patients after completing the intervention. No significant differences in short term outcomes were found between the groups. Both groups showed positive significant outcomes regarding almost all aspects of activities in everyday life, psychological symptoms, and health-related and intervention-related aspects. Conclusions: Despite the lack of differences between the groups, the positive outcomes regarding activities in everyday life, psychological symptoms, and health-related aspects after completing the intervention indicates the need for further research on the long-term perspective of TTM compared to regular occupational therapy.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Adults, Affective disorders, Art therapy, Intervention, Mental health
in
BMC psychology
volume
6
issue
1
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047486330
ISSN
2050-7283
DOI
10.1186/s40359-018-0237-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a5a755a8-760a-4740-a0d9-76b91e017ab9
date added to LUP
2018-06-05 11:58:30
date last changed
2019-01-06 13:56:35
@article{a5a755a8-760a-4740-a0d9-76b91e017ab9,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Methods: This randomised controlled trial included patients from three counties in Sweden. Men and women with depression and/or anxiety disorders, ages 18 to 65, were randomised to either TTM or regular occupational therapy. Assessment data were collected at baseline and the follow-up directly after completing the intervention. Non-parametric and parametric statistical methods were used. Results: The questionnaires were answered by 118 patients at baseline and by 107 patients after completing the intervention. No significant differences in short term outcomes were found between the groups. Both groups showed positive significant outcomes regarding almost all aspects of activities in everyday life, psychological symptoms, and health-related and intervention-related aspects. Conclusions: Despite the lack of differences between the groups, the positive outcomes regarding activities in everyday life, psychological symptoms, and health-related aspects after completing the intervention indicates the need for further research on the long-term perspective of TTM compared to regular occupational therapy.</p>},
  articleno    = {25},
  author       = {Birgitta Gunnarsson, A. and Wagman, Petra and Hedin, Katarina and Håkansson, Carita},
  issn         = {2050-7283},
  keyword      = {Adults,Affective disorders,Art therapy,Intervention,Mental health},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC psychology},
  title        = {Treatment of depression and/or anxiety - outcomes of a randomised controlled trial of the tree theme method® versus regular occupational therapy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0237-0},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2018},
}