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Centiloid scaling for quantification of brain amyloid with [18F]flutemetamol using multiple processing methods

Battle, Mark R LU ; Pillay, Lovena Chedumbarum ; Lowe, Val J ; Knopman, David ; Kemp, Bradley ; Rowe, Christopher C ; Doré, Vincent ; Villemagne, Victor L and Buckley, Christopher J (2018) In EJNMMI Research 8(1).
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A standardised method for quantifying β-amyloid PET tracers would allow comparison across different tracers and different sites. The development of the Centiloid scale has aimed to achieve this, applying a common scale to better aid the diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to monitor anti-amyloid therapeutic interventions. Here, we apply the Centiloid method to [18F]flutemetamol and [11C]PiB (PiB, Pittsburgh compound B) PET images and derive the scaling factor to express their binding in Centiloids.

METHODS: Paired PiB and [18F]flutemetamol scans for 74 subjects, including 24 young healthy controls (37 ± 5 years), were analysed using the standard Centiloid method. The same subjects were also... (More)

INTRODUCTION: A standardised method for quantifying β-amyloid PET tracers would allow comparison across different tracers and different sites. The development of the Centiloid scale has aimed to achieve this, applying a common scale to better aid the diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to monitor anti-amyloid therapeutic interventions. Here, we apply the Centiloid method to [18F]flutemetamol and [11C]PiB (PiB, Pittsburgh compound B) PET images and derive the scaling factor to express their binding in Centiloids.

METHODS: Paired PiB and [18F]flutemetamol scans for 74 subjects, including 24 young healthy controls (37 ± 5 years), were analysed using the standard Centiloid method. The same subjects were also analysed using PMOD- and FSL-based pipelines as well as SPM8. Test-retest analysis of 10 AD subjects was also performed with each pipeline.

RESULTS: The standard uptake value ratios (SUVR), determined using the standard SPM8 Centiloid process, showed a strong correlation between [18F]flutemetamol (Flute) and PiB binding (SUVR-Flute = 0.77 × SUVR-PiB + 0.22, R2 = 0.96). Application of the standard Centiloid process allowed the calculation of a direct conversion equation for SUVR-Flute to Centiloid units (CL) (CL = (121.42*SUVR-Flute) - 121.16). Analysis of the data via the two alternate Centiloid pipelines allowed us to derive standardised, SPM8-equivalent equations for both PMOD (CL = (115.24*SUVR-Flute) - 107.86) and FSL (CL = (120.32*SUVR-Flute) - 112.75) respectively. Test-retest analysis of 10 AD subjects showed an approximate 2% difference for each pipeline.

CONCLUSIONS: [18F]flutemetamol data can now be expressed in Centiloid units, enhancing its utility in clinical and research applications for β-amyloid imaging. The standard Centiloid method also demonstrates that [18F]flutemetamol has favourable performance compared with PiB and other β-amyloid tracers. Test-retest difference averaged 2%, with no difference between image processing pipelines. Centiloid scaling is robust and can be implemented on a number of platforms.

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author
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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
in
EJNMMI Research
volume
8
issue
1
article number
107
publisher
BioMed Central (BMC)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85058847890
  • pmid:30519791
ISSN
2191-219X
DOI
10.1186/s13550-018-0456-7
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
a658581e-8716-4282-9d7c-6d58ab2e3838
date added to LUP
2021-03-18 10:08:24
date last changed
2024-06-14 11:46:55
@article{a658581e-8716-4282-9d7c-6d58ab2e3838,
  abstract     = {{<p>INTRODUCTION: A standardised method for quantifying β-amyloid PET tracers would allow comparison across different tracers and different sites. The development of the Centiloid scale has aimed to achieve this, applying a common scale to better aid the diagnosis and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to monitor anti-amyloid therapeutic interventions. Here, we apply the Centiloid method to [18F]flutemetamol and [11C]PiB (PiB, Pittsburgh compound B) PET images and derive the scaling factor to express their binding in Centiloids.</p><p>METHODS: Paired PiB and [18F]flutemetamol scans for 74 subjects, including 24 young healthy controls (37 ± 5 years), were analysed using the standard Centiloid method. The same subjects were also analysed using PMOD- and FSL-based pipelines as well as SPM8. Test-retest analysis of 10 AD subjects was also performed with each pipeline.</p><p>RESULTS: The standard uptake value ratios (SUVR), determined using the standard SPM8 Centiloid process, showed a strong correlation between [18F]flutemetamol (Flute) and PiB binding (SUVR-Flute = 0.77 × SUVR-PiB + 0.22, R2 = 0.96). Application of the standard Centiloid process allowed the calculation of a direct conversion equation for SUVR-Flute to Centiloid units (CL) (CL = (121.42*SUVR-Flute) - 121.16). Analysis of the data via the two alternate Centiloid pipelines allowed us to derive standardised, SPM8-equivalent equations for both PMOD (CL = (115.24*SUVR-Flute) - 107.86) and FSL (CL = (120.32*SUVR-Flute) - 112.75) respectively. Test-retest analysis of 10 AD subjects showed an approximate 2% difference for each pipeline.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: [18F]flutemetamol data can now be expressed in Centiloid units, enhancing its utility in clinical and research applications for β-amyloid imaging. The standard Centiloid method also demonstrates that [18F]flutemetamol has favourable performance compared with PiB and other β-amyloid tracers. Test-retest difference averaged 2%, with no difference between image processing pipelines. Centiloid scaling is robust and can be implemented on a number of platforms.</p>}},
  author       = {{Battle, Mark R and Pillay, Lovena Chedumbarum and Lowe, Val J and Knopman, David and Kemp, Bradley and Rowe, Christopher C and Doré, Vincent and Villemagne, Victor L and Buckley, Christopher J}},
  issn         = {{2191-219X}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{12}},
  number       = {{1}},
  publisher    = {{BioMed Central (BMC)}},
  series       = {{EJNMMI Research}},
  title        = {{Centiloid scaling for quantification of brain amyloid with [18F]flutemetamol using multiple processing methods}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13550-018-0456-7}},
  doi          = {{10.1186/s13550-018-0456-7}},
  volume       = {{8}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}