Advanced

Effect of KIT and PDGFRA mutations on survival in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated with adjuvant imatinib : An exploratory analysis of a randomized clinical trial

Joensuu, Heikki; Wardelmann, Eva; Sihto, Harri; Eriksson, Mikael LU ; Sundby Hall, Kirsten; Reichardt, Annette; Hartmann, Jörg T; Pink, Daniel; Cameron, Silke and Hohenberger, Peter, et al. (2017) In JAMA Oncology 3(5). p.602-609
Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Little is known about whether the duration of adjuvant imatinib influences the prognostic significance of KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA) mutations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of KIT and PDGFRA mutations on recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) treated with surgery and adjuvant imatinib. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This exploratory study is based on the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group VIII/Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (SSGXVIII/AIO) multicenter clinical trial. Between February 4, 2004, and September 29, 2008, 400 patients who had undergone surgery for GISTs with a high risk of... (More)

IMPORTANCE: Little is known about whether the duration of adjuvant imatinib influences the prognostic significance of KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA) mutations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of KIT and PDGFRA mutations on recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) treated with surgery and adjuvant imatinib. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This exploratory study is based on the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group VIII/Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (SSGXVIII/AIO) multicenter clinical trial. Between February 4, 2004, and September 29, 2008, 400 patients who had undergone surgery for GISTs with a high risk of recurrence were randomized to receive adjuvant imatinib for 1 or 3 years. Of the 397 patients who provided consent, 341 (85.9%) had centrally confirmed, localized GISTs with mutation analysis for KIT and PDGFRA performed centrally using conventional sequencing. During a median follow-up of 88 months (completed December 31, 2013), 142 patients had GIST recurrence. Data of the evaluable population were analyzed February 4, 2004, through December 31, 2013. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The main outcome was RFS. Mutations were grouped by the gene and exon. KIT exon 11 mutations were further grouped as deletion or insertion-deletion mutations, substitution mutations, insertion or duplication mutations, and mutations that involved codons 557 and/or 558. RESULTS: Of the 341 patients (175 men and 166 women; median age at study entry, 62 years) in the 1-year group and 60 years in the 3-year group), 274 (80.4%) had GISTs with a KIT mutation, 43 (12.6%) had GISTs that harbored a PDGFRA mutation, and 24 (7.0%) had GISTs that were wild type for these genes. PDGFRA mutations and KIT exon 11 insertion or duplication mutations were associated with favorable RFS, whereas KIT exon 9 mutations were associated with unfavorable outcome. Patients with KIT exon 11 deletion or insertion-deletion mutation had better RFS when allocated to the 3-year group compared with the 1-year group (5-year RFS, 71.0% vs 41.3%; P < .001), whereas no significant benefit from the 3-year treatment was found in the other mutational subgroups examined. KIT exon 11 deletion mutations, deletions that involved codons 557 and/or 558, and deletions that led to pTrp557-Lys558del were associated with poor RFS in the 1-year group but not in the 3-year group. Similarly, in the subset with KIT exon 11 deletion mutations, higher-than-the-median mitotic counts were associated with unfavorable RFS in the 1-year group but not in the 3-year group. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Patients with KIT exon 11 deletion mutations benefit most from the longer duration of adjuvant imatinib. The duration of adjuvant imatinib modifies the risk of GIST recurrence associated with some KIT mutations, including deletions that affect exon 11 codons 557 and/or 558.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
JAMA Oncology
volume
3
issue
5
pages
8 pages
publisher
American Medical Association
external identifiers
  • scopus:85020062759
  • wos:000401114700006
ISSN
2374-2437
DOI
10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.5751
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a68e83bd-d492-4559-816c-647c02d6c176
date added to LUP
2017-06-26 14:19:16
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:42:42
@article{a68e83bd-d492-4559-816c-647c02d6c176,
  abstract     = {<p>IMPORTANCE: Little is known about whether the duration of adjuvant imatinib influences the prognostic significance of KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA) mutations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of KIT and PDGFRA mutations on recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) treated with surgery and adjuvant imatinib. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This exploratory study is based on the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group VIII/Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (SSGXVIII/AIO) multicenter clinical trial. Between February 4, 2004, and September 29, 2008, 400 patients who had undergone surgery for GISTs with a high risk of recurrence were randomized to receive adjuvant imatinib for 1 or 3 years. Of the 397 patients who provided consent, 341 (85.9%) had centrally confirmed, localized GISTs with mutation analysis for KIT and PDGFRA performed centrally using conventional sequencing. During a median follow-up of 88 months (completed December 31, 2013), 142 patients had GIST recurrence. Data of the evaluable population were analyzed February 4, 2004, through December 31, 2013. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The main outcome was RFS. Mutations were grouped by the gene and exon. KIT exon 11 mutations were further grouped as deletion or insertion-deletion mutations, substitution mutations, insertion or duplication mutations, and mutations that involved codons 557 and/or 558. RESULTS: Of the 341 patients (175 men and 166 women; median age at study entry, 62 years) in the 1-year group and 60 years in the 3-year group), 274 (80.4%) had GISTs with a KIT mutation, 43 (12.6%) had GISTs that harbored a PDGFRA mutation, and 24 (7.0%) had GISTs that were wild type for these genes. PDGFRA mutations and KIT exon 11 insertion or duplication mutations were associated with favorable RFS, whereas KIT exon 9 mutations were associated with unfavorable outcome. Patients with KIT exon 11 deletion or insertion-deletion mutation had better RFS when allocated to the 3-year group compared with the 1-year group (5-year RFS, 71.0% vs 41.3%; P &lt; .001), whereas no significant benefit from the 3-year treatment was found in the other mutational subgroups examined. KIT exon 11 deletion mutations, deletions that involved codons 557 and/or 558, and deletions that led to pTrp557-Lys558del were associated with poor RFS in the 1-year group but not in the 3-year group. Similarly, in the subset with KIT exon 11 deletion mutations, higher-than-the-median mitotic counts were associated with unfavorable RFS in the 1-year group but not in the 3-year group. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Patients with KIT exon 11 deletion mutations benefit most from the longer duration of adjuvant imatinib. The duration of adjuvant imatinib modifies the risk of GIST recurrence associated with some KIT mutations, including deletions that affect exon 11 codons 557 and/or 558.</p>},
  author       = {Joensuu, Heikki and Wardelmann, Eva and Sihto, Harri and Eriksson, Mikael and Sundby Hall, Kirsten and Reichardt, Annette and Hartmann, Jörg T and Pink, Daniel and Cameron, Silke and Hohenberger, Peter and Al-Batran, Salah-Eddin and Schlemmer, Marcus and Bauer, Sebastian and Nilsson, Bengt and Kallio, Raija and Junnila, Jouni and Vehtari, Aki and Reichardt, Peter},
  issn         = {2374-2437},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {602--609},
  publisher    = {American Medical Association},
  series       = {JAMA Oncology},
  title        = {Effect of KIT and PDGFRA mutations on survival in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated with adjuvant imatinib : An exploratory analysis of a randomized clinical trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.5751},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2017},
}