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Psychiatric Syndromes in Persian Gulf War Veterans: An Association of Handling Dead Bodies with Somatoform Disorders

Labbate, Lawrence; Cardeña, Etzel LU ; Dimitreva, Juliette; Engel, Charles and Roy, Michael (1998) In Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics p.275-279
Abstract
Traumatic combat experience has been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, but there have been few studies about the association of military combat experience and the development of somatoform disorders. The authors evaluated 131 referred Gulf War veterans for medical and psychiatric syndromes thought related to their involvement in the Gulf War. Patients completed questionnaires regarding their traumatic experiences and were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R. For the sample, 69% had axis I conditions. Major depression, undifferentiated somatoform and posttraumatic stress disorders were the most common diagnoses. Reports of traumatic events were associated with both posttraumatic... (More)
Traumatic combat experience has been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, but there have been few studies about the association of military combat experience and the development of somatoform disorders. The authors evaluated 131 referred Gulf War veterans for medical and psychiatric syndromes thought related to their involvement in the Gulf War. Patients completed questionnaires regarding their traumatic experiences and were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R. For the sample, 69% had axis I conditions. Major depression, undifferentiated somatoform and posttraumatic stress disorders were the most common diagnoses. Reports of traumatic events were associated with both posttraumatic stress disorder (p < 0.05) and somatoform diagnoses (p < 0.05). Veterans who handled dead bodies had a 3-fold risk of receiving a somatoform diagnosis (p < 0.05). Psychiatric syndromes may explain some medical complaints following involvement in the Persian Gulf War. The results suggest that some psychological and nonspecific somatic symptoms persisting since the Gulf War may be related to exposure to psychological trauma. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
war, Somatoform Disorders
in
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
pages
275 - 279
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • scopus:0031905110
ISSN
0033-3190
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
a83a074a-48d0-4bbf-ad98-6f38d40b3ac8
date added to LUP
2017-06-28 12:24:55
date last changed
2017-10-13 13:19:24
@article{a83a074a-48d0-4bbf-ad98-6f38d40b3ac8,
  abstract     = {Traumatic combat experience has been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder, but there have been few studies about the association of military combat experience and the development of somatoform disorders. The authors evaluated 131 referred Gulf War veterans for medical and psychiatric syndromes thought related to their involvement in the Gulf War. Patients completed questionnaires regarding their traumatic experiences and were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R. For the sample, 69% had axis I conditions. Major depression, undifferentiated somatoform and posttraumatic stress disorders were the most common diagnoses. Reports of traumatic events were associated with both posttraumatic stress disorder (p &lt; 0.05) and somatoform diagnoses (p &lt; 0.05). Veterans who handled dead bodies had a 3-fold risk of receiving a somatoform diagnosis (p &lt; 0.05). Psychiatric syndromes may explain some medical complaints following involvement in the Persian Gulf War. The results suggest that some psychological and nonspecific somatic symptoms persisting since the Gulf War may be related to exposure to psychological trauma.},
  author       = {Labbate, Lawrence and Cardeña, Etzel and Dimitreva, Juliette and Engel, Charles and Roy, Michael},
  issn         = {0033-3190},
  keyword      = {war,Somatoform Disorders},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {275--279},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics},
  title        = {Psychiatric Syndromes in Persian Gulf War Veterans: An Association of Handling Dead Bodies with Somatoform Disorders},
  year         = {1998},
}