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The Rise of Private Military and Security Companies in European Union Migration Policies: Implications under the UNGPs

Davitti, Daria LU (2019) In Business and Human Rights Journal 4(1). p.33-53
Abstract
This article examines the involvement of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC) in both shaping and implementing the European Agenda on Migration (European Agenda), launched by the European Union in May 2015. The migration policies which have since been adopted have increasingly enabled the outsourcing to private security contractors of various border control operations, including those related to forced returns, administrative detention and security services for the Italian and Greek ‘hotspots’. The article argues that PMSC frame, shape and entrench militarized responses in the European Agenda. It also contends that the current context of the European refugee ‘crisis’ meets the conditions of a high-risk context, as understood... (More)
This article examines the involvement of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC) in both shaping and implementing the European Agenda on Migration (European Agenda), launched by the European Union in May 2015. The migration policies which have since been adopted have increasingly enabled the outsourcing to private security contractors of various border control operations, including those related to forced returns, administrative detention and security services for the Italian and Greek ‘hotspots’. The article argues that PMSC frame, shape and entrench militarized responses in the European Agenda. It also contends that the current context of the European refugee ‘crisis’ meets the conditions of a high-risk context, as understood within the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP). This re-definition of the refugee ‘crisis’ as a high-risk context, in turn, enables the identification of heightened human rights obligations of home states and responsibilities of companies when implementing the UNGP. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Public international law, Human rights, Folkrätt, Mänskliga rättigheter
in
Business and Human Rights Journal
volume
4
issue
1
pages
33 - 53
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063867696
DOI
10.1017/bhj.2018.21
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aa349ac7-15bd-4db5-b124-213c278cae56
date added to LUP
2018-11-07 16:55:07
date last changed
2019-05-14 04:47:03
@article{aa349ac7-15bd-4db5-b124-213c278cae56,
  abstract     = {This article examines the involvement of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC) in both shaping and implementing the European Agenda on Migration (European Agenda), launched by the European Union in May 2015. The migration policies which have since been adopted have increasingly enabled the outsourcing to private security contractors of various border control operations, including those related to forced returns, administrative detention and security services for the Italian and Greek ‘hotspots’. The article argues that PMSC frame, shape and entrench militarized responses in the European Agenda. It also contends that the current context of the European refugee ‘crisis’ meets the conditions of a high-risk context, as understood within the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP). This re-definition of the refugee ‘crisis’ as a high-risk context, in turn, enables the identification of heightened human rights obligations of home states and responsibilities of companies when implementing the UNGP.},
  author       = {Davitti, Daria},
  keyword      = {Public international law,Human rights,Folkrätt,Mänskliga rättigheter},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {33--53},
  series       = {Business and Human Rights Journal},
  title        = {The Rise of Private Military and Security Companies in European Union Migration Policies: Implications under the UNGPs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/bhj.2018.21},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2019},
}