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Evaluation of the subsurface compressed air energy storage (CAES) potential on Gotland, Sweden

Sopher, Daniel; Juhlin, Christopher; Levendal, Tegan; Erlström, Mikael LU ; Nilsson, Karl and Da Silva Soares, José Pedro (2019) In Environmental Earth Sciences 78(6).
Abstract

Wind energy is an important field of development for the island of Gotland, Sweden, especially since the island has set targets to generate 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2025. Due to the variability of wind conditions, energy storage will be an important technology to facilitate the continued development of wind energy on Gotland and ensure a stable and secure supply of electricity. In this study, the feasibility of utilizing the Middle Cambrian Faludden sandstone reservoir on Gotland for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is assessed. Firstly, a characterization of the sandstone beneath Gotland is presented, which includes detailed maps of reservoir thickness and top reservoir structure. Analysis of this information... (More)

Wind energy is an important field of development for the island of Gotland, Sweden, especially since the island has set targets to generate 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2025. Due to the variability of wind conditions, energy storage will be an important technology to facilitate the continued development of wind energy on Gotland and ensure a stable and secure supply of electricity. In this study, the feasibility of utilizing the Middle Cambrian Faludden sandstone reservoir on Gotland for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is assessed. Firstly, a characterization of the sandstone beneath Gotland is presented, which includes detailed maps of reservoir thickness and top reservoir structure. Analysis of this information shows that the properties of the Faludden sandstone and associated cap rock appear favorable for the application of CAES. Seven structural closures are identified below the eastern and southern parts of Gotland, which could potentially be utilized for CAES. Scoping estimates of the energy storage capacity and flow rate for these closures within the Faludden sandstone show that industrial scale CAES could be possible on Gotland.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Baltic Basin, Baltic Sea, Faludden reservoir, Gas storage, OPAB data set, Wind power
in
Environmental Earth Sciences
volume
78
issue
6
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85062625779
ISSN
1866-6280
DOI
10.1007/s12665-019-8196-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aaac03d5-7f79-475c-b916-14f2f4daee06
date added to LUP
2019-03-20 09:27:19
date last changed
2019-06-27 12:33:47
@article{aaac03d5-7f79-475c-b916-14f2f4daee06,
  abstract     = {<p>Wind energy is an important field of development for the island of Gotland, Sweden, especially since the island has set targets to generate 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2025. Due to the variability of wind conditions, energy storage will be an important technology to facilitate the continued development of wind energy on Gotland and ensure a stable and secure supply of electricity. In this study, the feasibility of utilizing the Middle Cambrian Faludden sandstone reservoir on Gotland for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is assessed. Firstly, a characterization of the sandstone beneath Gotland is presented, which includes detailed maps of reservoir thickness and top reservoir structure. Analysis of this information shows that the properties of the Faludden sandstone and associated cap rock appear favorable for the application of CAES. Seven structural closures are identified below the eastern and southern parts of Gotland, which could potentially be utilized for CAES. Scoping estimates of the energy storage capacity and flow rate for these closures within the Faludden sandstone show that industrial scale CAES could be possible on Gotland.</p>},
  articleno    = {197},
  author       = {Sopher, Daniel and Juhlin, Christopher and Levendal, Tegan and Erlström, Mikael and Nilsson, Karl and Da Silva Soares, José Pedro},
  issn         = {1866-6280},
  keyword      = {Baltic Basin,Baltic Sea,Faludden reservoir,Gas storage,OPAB data set,Wind power},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environmental Earth Sciences},
  title        = {Evaluation of the subsurface compressed air energy storage (CAES) potential on Gotland, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-019-8196-1},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {2019},
}