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Effects of the position of a bluff-body on the diffusion flames : A combined experimental and numerical study

Tong, Yiheng LU ; Liu, Xiao LU ; Chen, Shuang LU ; Li, Zhongshan LU and Klingmann, Jens LU (2018) In Applied Thermal Engineering 131. p.507-521
Abstract

The effects of the position of a bluff-body on diffusion flame structures and flame instability characteristics were investigated both experimentally and numerically. The flame pattern diagram and the stability limits of the methane-air diffusion flame were investigated to evaluate the effects caused by the alternation of the position of a bluff-body. A disk-shape bluff-body was mounted 10 mm above or at the same height with the annular channel exit. The bulk velocity of the annular air flow varied between Ua = 0 to 8 m/s; while the fuel jet velocity being ranged from Uj = 0 to 30 m/s. Various flame patterns, including the recirculation zone flame, the stable diffusion flame, the split flame and the lifted flame... (More)

The effects of the position of a bluff-body on diffusion flame structures and flame instability characteristics were investigated both experimentally and numerically. The flame pattern diagram and the stability limits of the methane-air diffusion flame were investigated to evaluate the effects caused by the alternation of the position of a bluff-body. A disk-shape bluff-body was mounted 10 mm above or at the same height with the annular channel exit. The bulk velocity of the annular air flow varied between Ua = 0 to 8 m/s; while the fuel jet velocity being ranged from Uj = 0 to 30 m/s. Various flame patterns, including the recirculation zone flame, the stable diffusion flame, the split flame and the lifted flame till flame blowoff, were observed and recorded by the high-speed camera. High-speed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was also adopted to give deeper insight into the characteristics of the flow fields and the flame patterns. The hybrid RANS/LES model was utilized to simulate the mixing characters of the reactants, the scalar dissipation rates, the flow fields and their interactions with the flame structures. The size and strength of the recirculation zones downstream of the bluff-body altered with the change in the position of the bluff-body. It is found that flames in burners with two different bluff-body positions behave similarly with each other, except those under conditions with high annular air velocities (Ua > 6.8 m/s). Mounting the bluff-body 10 mm above the annular channel exit could better stabilize the flame. A recirculation vortex was found adjacent to the outer wall of the bluff-body. It played an important role in the flame stabilization. Combustion affected the flow fields significantly by accelerating the central jet and enlarging the outer recirculation zone.

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author
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
Applied Thermal Engineering
volume
131
pages
15 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85037982975
ISSN
1359-4311
DOI
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.12.031
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ab3a58ef-2d13-4457-9e24-39b7b47653a2
date added to LUP
2018-01-02 13:52:23
date last changed
2018-01-02 13:52:23
@article{ab3a58ef-2d13-4457-9e24-39b7b47653a2,
  abstract     = {<p>The effects of the position of a bluff-body on diffusion flame structures and flame instability characteristics were investigated both experimentally and numerically. The flame pattern diagram and the stability limits of the methane-air diffusion flame were investigated to evaluate the effects caused by the alternation of the position of a bluff-body. A disk-shape bluff-body was mounted 10 mm above or at the same height with the annular channel exit. The bulk velocity of the annular air flow varied between U<sub>a</sub> = 0 to 8 m/s; while the fuel jet velocity being ranged from U<sub>j</sub> = 0 to 30 m/s. Various flame patterns, including the recirculation zone flame, the stable diffusion flame, the split flame and the lifted flame till flame blowoff, were observed and recorded by the high-speed camera. High-speed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was also adopted to give deeper insight into the characteristics of the flow fields and the flame patterns. The hybrid RANS/LES model was utilized to simulate the mixing characters of the reactants, the scalar dissipation rates, the flow fields and their interactions with the flame structures. The size and strength of the recirculation zones downstream of the bluff-body altered with the change in the position of the bluff-body. It is found that flames in burners with two different bluff-body positions behave similarly with each other, except those under conditions with high annular air velocities (U<sub>a</sub> &gt; 6.8 m/s). Mounting the bluff-body 10 mm above the annular channel exit could better stabilize the flame. A recirculation vortex was found adjacent to the outer wall of the bluff-body. It played an important role in the flame stabilization. Combustion affected the flow fields significantly by accelerating the central jet and enlarging the outer recirculation zone.</p>},
  author       = {Tong, Yiheng and Liu, Xiao and Chen, Shuang and Li, Zhongshan and Klingmann, Jens},
  issn         = {1359-4311},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  pages        = {507--521},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Applied Thermal Engineering},
  title        = {Effects of the position of a bluff-body on the diffusion flames : A combined experimental and numerical study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.12.031},
  volume       = {131},
  year         = {2018},
}