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Bullying and Pain in School-Aged Children and Adolescents : A Cross-Sectional Study

Garmy, Pernilla LU ; Hansson, Erika LU ; Vilhjálmsson, Rúnar LU and Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún LU (2019) In SAGE Open Nursing 5.
Abstract

Bullying is defined as repeated and unwanted aggressive behavior involving a power imbalance and hurt children and adolescents’ socioemotional functioning. The aim is to investigate associations between pain (headache, stomach pain, backache, and neck/shoulder pain) and bullying among school-aged children and adolescents. This cross-sectional school-based survey comes from the Icelandic data set in the international research network Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children. The study population included all Icelandic students in Grades 6, 8, and 10 (ages 11, 13, and 15 years, respectively; participation rate, 84%; n = 10,626). An anonymous standardized questionnaire was distributed and completed by students in their classrooms. About... (More)

Bullying is defined as repeated and unwanted aggressive behavior involving a power imbalance and hurt children and adolescents’ socioemotional functioning. The aim is to investigate associations between pain (headache, stomach pain, backache, and neck/shoulder pain) and bullying among school-aged children and adolescents. This cross-sectional school-based survey comes from the Icelandic data set in the international research network Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children. The study population included all Icelandic students in Grades 6, 8, and 10 (ages 11, 13, and 15 years, respectively; participation rate, 84%; n = 10,626). An anonymous standardized questionnaire was distributed and completed by students in their classrooms. About every 8 in 10 bullied students reported weekly pain (79%), compared with little over half of nonbullied students (57%). The prevalence of pain was significantly higher among bullied students compared with their nonbullied peers. Being a bullying victim was associated with an increased frequency of experiencing headaches, stomachaches, and back pain, in addition to neck or shoulder pain. It is important for mental health nurses and health professionals to ask about pain when meeting with children and adolescents as well as to inquire about their peer relationships.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adolescents, bullying, cross-sectional study, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children, pain, school-aged children, self-reported health
in
SAGE Open Nursing
volume
5
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85075183005
ISSN
2377-9608
DOI
10.1177/2377960819887556
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ac4f48f7-da01-49ee-a7e2-085e923e4b26
date added to LUP
2019-12-06 09:29:49
date last changed
2020-03-27 02:20:59
@article{ac4f48f7-da01-49ee-a7e2-085e923e4b26,
  abstract     = {<p>Bullying is defined as repeated and unwanted aggressive behavior involving a power imbalance and hurt children and adolescents’ socioemotional functioning. The aim is to investigate associations between pain (headache, stomach pain, backache, and neck/shoulder pain) and bullying among school-aged children and adolescents. This cross-sectional school-based survey comes from the Icelandic data set in the international research network Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children. The study population included all Icelandic students in Grades 6, 8, and 10 (ages 11, 13, and 15 years, respectively; participation rate, 84%; n = 10,626). An anonymous standardized questionnaire was distributed and completed by students in their classrooms. About every 8 in 10 bullied students reported weekly pain (79%), compared with little over half of nonbullied students (57%). The prevalence of pain was significantly higher among bullied students compared with their nonbullied peers. Being a bullying victim was associated with an increased frequency of experiencing headaches, stomachaches, and back pain, in addition to neck or shoulder pain. It is important for mental health nurses and health professionals to ask about pain when meeting with children and adolescents as well as to inquire about their peer relationships.</p>},
  author       = {Garmy, Pernilla and Hansson, Erika and Vilhjálmsson, Rúnar and Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún},
  issn         = {2377-9608},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {SAGE Open Nursing},
  title        = {Bullying and Pain in School-Aged Children and Adolescents : A Cross-Sectional Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2377960819887556},
  doi          = {10.1177/2377960819887556},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2019},
}