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Poly(p-phenylene)s tethered with oligo(ethylene oxide): synthesis by Yamamoto polymerization and properties as solid polymer electrolytes

Nederstedt, Hannes LU and Jannasch, Patric LU (2020) In Polymer Chemistry 11(13). p.2418-2429
Abstract
Salt-containing supramolecular assemblies of rigid-rod polymers tethered with flexible ion-solvating side chains represent a synthetic pathway towards thin ion-conducting solid electrolyte membranes with high dimensional stability. In the present work we have synthesized poly(p-phenylene)s (PpPs) carrying di-, tri- and tetra(ethylene oxide) side chains, respectively. p-Dichlorophenyl oligo(ethylene oxide) monomers were polymerized by Ni-mediated Yamamoto polymerization via in situ reduction of Ni(II). This gave PpPs with an average degree of polymerization reaching 60, where each phenylene ring carried one oligo(ethylene oxide) side chain. Results from calorimetry and X-ray scattering measurements clearly... (More)
Salt-containing supramolecular assemblies of rigid-rod polymers tethered with flexible ion-solvating side chains represent a synthetic pathway towards thin ion-conducting solid electrolyte membranes with high dimensional stability. In the present work we have synthesized poly(p-phenylene)s (PpPs) carrying di-, tri- and tetra(ethylene oxide) side chains, respectively. p-Dichlorophenyl oligo(ethylene oxide) monomers were polymerized by Ni-mediated Yamamoto polymerization via in situ reduction of Ni(II). This gave PpPs with an average degree of polymerization reaching 60, where each phenylene ring carried one oligo(ethylene oxide) side chain. Results from calorimetry and X-ray scattering measurements clearly showed the formation of molecular composites, i.e., bicontinuous morphologies with mechanically reinforcing layers of the stiff PpP backbones separated by the flexible oligo(ethylene oxide) side chains. This morphology was retained after adding lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (LiTFSI) to form salt-in-polymer electrolytes, but with an increased distance between adjacent backbones. Furthermore, upon addition of salt the order-to-disorder transition (ODT) region increased from approx. 50-170 ºC to approx. 75-200 ºC at [EO]/[Li] = 20. Increasing salt concentrations also revealed a maximum in the ODT enthalpy at [EO]/[Li] = 40. At 80 and 160 ºC, the ionic conductivity reached 1.1•10-4 and 1.0•10-3 S cm-1, respectively. Finally, we demonstrate that ionic conductivity of the polymer electrolytes can be significantly increased by additions of triglyme. (Less)
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author
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Polymer Chemistry
volume
11
issue
13
pages
12 pages
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • scopus:85082757047
ISSN
1759-9954
DOI
10.1039/D0PY00115E
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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First published 2 March 2020.
id
ac921c99-e2ee-4cd9-abd5-58289cc8b24e
date added to LUP
2020-02-28 17:42:37
date last changed
2020-04-22 05:53:41
@article{ac921c99-e2ee-4cd9-abd5-58289cc8b24e,
  abstract     = {Salt-containing supramolecular assemblies of rigid-rod polymers tethered with flexible ion-solvating side chains represent a synthetic pathway towards thin ion-conducting solid electrolyte membranes with high dimensional stability. In the present work we have synthesized poly(<i>p</i>-phenylene)s (P<i>p</i>Ps) carrying di-, tri- and tetra(ethylene oxide) side chains, respectively. <i>p</i>-Dichlorophenyl oligo(ethylene oxide) monomers were polymerized by Ni-mediated Yamamoto polymerization via <i>in situ</i> reduction of Ni(II). This gave P<i>p</i>Ps with an average degree of polymerization reaching 60, where each phenylene ring carried one oligo(ethylene oxide) side chain. Results from calorimetry and X-ray scattering measurements clearly showed the formation of molecular composites, i.e., bicontinuous morphologies with mechanically reinforcing layers of the stiff P<i>p</i>P backbones separated by the flexible oligo(ethylene oxide) side chains. This morphology was retained after adding lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (LiTFSI) to form salt-in-polymer electrolytes, but with an increased distance between adjacent backbones. Furthermore, upon addition of salt the order-to-disorder transition (ODT) region increased from approx. 50-170 ºC to approx. 75-200 ºC at [EO]/[Li] = 20. Increasing salt concentrations also revealed a maximum in the ODT enthalpy at [EO]/[Li] = 40. At 80 and 160 ºC, the ionic conductivity reached 1.1•10<sup>-4</sup> and 1.0•10<sup>-3</sup> S cm<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Finally, we demonstrate that ionic conductivity of the polymer electrolytes can be significantly increased by additions of triglyme.},
  author       = {Nederstedt, Hannes and Jannasch, Patric},
  issn         = {1759-9954},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {2418--2429},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Polymer Chemistry},
  title        = {Poly(<i>p</i>-phenylene)s tethered with oligo(ethylene oxide): synthesis by Yamamoto polymerization and properties as solid polymer electrolytes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/D0PY00115E},
  doi          = {10.1039/D0PY00115E},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2020},
}