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Cardiac rehabilitation goal attainment after myocardial infarction with versus without diabetes : A nationwide registry study

Wallert, John; Mitchell, Adam; Held, Claes; Hagström, Emil; Leosdottir, Margret LU and Olsson, Erik M.G. (2019) In International Journal of Cardiology
Abstract

Background: Patients with first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes mellitus (DM) constitute a vulnerable subgroup of cardiovascular (CV) patients for which secondary prevention is particularly important. We investigated if patients with versus without DM differ in attaining four main lifestyle-related cardiac rehabilitation (CR) targets, one-year post-MI. Methods: This national cohort study (2006–2015) identified individuals with and without DM at hospital admission in the Swedish cardiac registry, SWEDEHEART. CR goal attainment was assessed one year later. The study population included 47,907 unique patients with first-time MI <75 years at baseline (61.8 mean age, 26.7% women, 14.6% with DM). After imputation, propensity... (More)

Background: Patients with first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes mellitus (DM) constitute a vulnerable subgroup of cardiovascular (CV) patients for which secondary prevention is particularly important. We investigated if patients with versus without DM differ in attaining four main lifestyle-related cardiac rehabilitation (CR) targets, one-year post-MI. Methods: This national cohort study (2006–2015) identified individuals with and without DM at hospital admission in the Swedish cardiac registry, SWEDEHEART. CR goal attainment was assessed one year later. The study population included 47,907 unique patients with first-time MI <75 years at baseline (61.8 mean age, 26.7% women, 14.6% with DM). After imputation, propensity score matching was performed. Analyses were conducted with logistic regression. Results: In the matched population, having DM was associated (OR [95% CI]) with lower odds of attaining the one-year post-MI CR goal for both smoking cessation (0.90 [0.81, 0.99]) and attendance in exercise training (0.88 [0.83, 0.95]), yet with higher odds of the <1.8 mmol LDL-C target (1.28 [1.19, 1.36]), and similar odds for the <140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure target (0.97 [0.91, 1.04]). In addition, women with DM were particularly unlikely to attend exercise training. Conclusions: Patients with first-time MI and DM are less likely to attain two of four selected CR goals compared to those without DM. The particularly low exercise training attendance by women with DM is of concern. Possibilities for tailored interventions targeting behavioural change for this high-risk group, including focused efforts to increase exercise training attendance in women with DM, should be investigated.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Behavioural risk factors, Coronary artery disease, Diabetes mellitus, Exercise training, Secondary prevention, Smoking cessation
in
International Journal of Cardiology
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85064568350
ISSN
0167-5273
DOI
10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.049
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aca13d5b-f74f-4250-a45a-b7860506d9f3
date added to LUP
2019-05-07 08:33:54
date last changed
2019-07-16 04:08:00
@article{aca13d5b-f74f-4250-a45a-b7860506d9f3,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Patients with first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes mellitus (DM) constitute a vulnerable subgroup of cardiovascular (CV) patients for which secondary prevention is particularly important. We investigated if patients with versus without DM differ in attaining four main lifestyle-related cardiac rehabilitation (CR) targets, one-year post-MI. Methods: This national cohort study (2006–2015) identified individuals with and without DM at hospital admission in the Swedish cardiac registry, SWEDEHEART. CR goal attainment was assessed one year later. The study population included 47,907 unique patients with first-time MI &lt;75 years at baseline (61.8 mean age, 26.7% women, 14.6% with DM). After imputation, propensity score matching was performed. Analyses were conducted with logistic regression. Results: In the matched population, having DM was associated (OR [95% CI]) with lower odds of attaining the one-year post-MI CR goal for both smoking cessation (0.90 [0.81, 0.99]) and attendance in exercise training (0.88 [0.83, 0.95]), yet with higher odds of the &lt;1.8 mmol LDL-C target (1.28 [1.19, 1.36]), and similar odds for the &lt;140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure target (0.97 [0.91, 1.04]). In addition, women with DM were particularly unlikely to attend exercise training. Conclusions: Patients with first-time MI and DM are less likely to attain two of four selected CR goals compared to those without DM. The particularly low exercise training attendance by women with DM is of concern. Possibilities for tailored interventions targeting behavioural change for this high-risk group, including focused efforts to increase exercise training attendance in women with DM, should be investigated.</p>},
  author       = {Wallert, John and Mitchell, Adam and Held, Claes and Hagström, Emil and Leosdottir, Margret and Olsson, Erik M.G.},
  issn         = {0167-5273},
  keyword      = {Behavioural risk factors,Coronary artery disease,Diabetes mellitus,Exercise training,Secondary prevention,Smoking cessation},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Cardiology},
  title        = {Cardiac rehabilitation goal attainment after myocardial infarction with versus without diabetes : A nationwide registry study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.049},
  year         = {2019},
}