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The association between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease in a population-based cross-sectional case-control study

Renvert, Stefan ; Berglund, Johan Sanmartin ; Persson, G. Rutger and Söderlin, Maria K. LU (2020) In BMC Rheumatology 4(1).
Abstract

Background: The association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis remains unclear. Methods: We studied oral health and periodontitis in a population-based case-control study of individuals with ≥10 remaining teeth ≥61 years of age and either with, or without a diagnosis of RA. 126 dentate individuals with RA were recruited together with age-matched control individuals without RA. The control individuals were recruited from the general population from the same city (n = 249). A dental examination including a panoramic radiograph was performed on all participants. All individuals with RA were examined and medical records were reviewed by a rheumatologist. In the control group, none of the participants presented with symptoms... (More)

Background: The association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis remains unclear. Methods: We studied oral health and periodontitis in a population-based case-control study of individuals with ≥10 remaining teeth ≥61 years of age and either with, or without a diagnosis of RA. 126 dentate individuals with RA were recruited together with age-matched control individuals without RA. The control individuals were recruited from the general population from the same city (n = 249). A dental examination including a panoramic radiograph was performed on all participants. All individuals with RA were examined and medical records were reviewed by a rheumatologist. In the control group, none of the participants presented with symptoms of RA and their medical records were also negative. Results: The RA group included more women (66.7% vs. 55.8%) (p < 0.01). Individuals in the RA group had a higher body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001). A diagnosis of periodontitis was more common in the RA group (61.1%) than in the control group (33.7%) (p = 0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis identified that a BMI > 25 (OR 6.2, 95% CI 3.6, 10.5, p = 0.000), periodontitis (OR 2.5 95% CI 1.5, 4.2 p = 0.000), and female gender (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.3-4.0, p = 0.003) were associated with RA. Conclusion: RA was associated a diagnosis of periodontitis.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Epidemiology, Periodontitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Smoking
in
BMC Rheumatology
volume
4
issue
1
article number
31
publisher
BioMed Central (BMC)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85088381665
  • pmid:32699831
ISSN
2520-1026
DOI
10.1186/s41927-020-00129-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ad7be9bb-3e26-4189-8cad-a1b92fddd474
date added to LUP
2020-08-04 11:11:10
date last changed
2020-08-12 09:09:21
@article{ad7be9bb-3e26-4189-8cad-a1b92fddd474,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: The association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis remains unclear. Methods: We studied oral health and periodontitis in a population-based case-control study of individuals with ≥10 remaining teeth ≥61 years of age and either with, or without a diagnosis of RA. 126 dentate individuals with RA were recruited together with age-matched control individuals without RA. The control individuals were recruited from the general population from the same city (n = 249). A dental examination including a panoramic radiograph was performed on all participants. All individuals with RA were examined and medical records were reviewed by a rheumatologist. In the control group, none of the participants presented with symptoms of RA and their medical records were also negative. Results: The RA group included more women (66.7% vs. 55.8%) (p &lt; 0.01). Individuals in the RA group had a higher body mass index (BMI) (p &lt; 0.001). A diagnosis of periodontitis was more common in the RA group (61.1%) than in the control group (33.7%) (p = 0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis identified that a BMI &gt; 25 (OR 6.2, 95% CI 3.6, 10.5, p = 0.000), periodontitis (OR 2.5 95% CI 1.5, 4.2 p = 0.000), and female gender (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.3-4.0, p = 0.003) were associated with RA. Conclusion: RA was associated a diagnosis of periodontitis. </p>},
  author       = {Renvert, Stefan and Berglund, Johan Sanmartin and Persson, G. Rutger and Söderlin, Maria K.},
  issn         = {2520-1026},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central (BMC)},
  series       = {BMC Rheumatology},
  title        = {The association between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease in a population-based cross-sectional case-control study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41927-020-00129-4},
  doi          = {10.1186/s41927-020-00129-4},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2020},
}