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Integrating national Red Lists for prioritising conservation actions for European butterflies

Maes, Dirk; Verovnik, Rudi; Wiemers, Martin; Brosens, Dimitri; Beshkov, Stoyan; Bonelli, Simona; Buszko, Jaroslaw; Cantú-Salazar, Lisette; Cassar, Louis Francis and Collins, Sue, et al. (2019) In Journal of Insect Conservation
Abstract

Red Lists are very valuable tools in nature conservation at global, continental and (sub-) national scales. In an attempt to prioritise conservation actions for European butterflies, we compiled a database with species lists and Red Lists of all European countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). In total, we compiled national species lists for 42 countries and national Red Lists for 34 of these. The most species-rich countries in Europe are Italy, Russia and France with more than 250 species each. Endemic species are mainly found on the Macaronesian archipelagos and on the Mediterranean islands. By attributing numerical values proportionate to the threat statuses in the different national... (More)

Red Lists are very valuable tools in nature conservation at global, continental and (sub-) national scales. In an attempt to prioritise conservation actions for European butterflies, we compiled a database with species lists and Red Lists of all European countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). In total, we compiled national species lists for 42 countries and national Red Lists for 34 of these. The most species-rich countries in Europe are Italy, Russia and France with more than 250 species each. Endemic species are mainly found on the Macaronesian archipelagos and on the Mediterranean islands. By attributing numerical values proportionate to the threat statuses in the different national Red List categories, we calculated a mean Red List value for every country (cRLV) and a weighted Red List value for every species (wsRLV) using the square root of the country’s area as a weighting factor. Countries with the highest cRLV were industrialised (NW) European countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Denmark, whereas large Mediterranean countries such as Spain and Italy had the lowest cRLV. Species for which a Red List assessment was available in at least two European countries and with a relatively high wsRLV (≥ 50) are Colias myrmidone, Pseudochazara orestes, Tomares nogelii, Colias chrysotheme and Coenonympha oedippus. We compared these wsRLVs with the species statuses on the European Red List to identify possible mismatches. We discuss how this complementary method can help to prioritise butterfly conservation on the continental and/or the (sub-)national scale.

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publication status
epub
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keywords
Biogeography, Habitats directive, IUCN, Lepidoptera, Management, Policy, Threatened species
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Journal of Insect Conservation
pages
30 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060223710
ISSN
1366-638X
DOI
10.1007/s10841-019-00127-z
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English
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yes
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ae2d7c5f-1964-4081-b6c4-0f41c6878722
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2019-02-03 22:53:09
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2019-05-26 04:58:44
@article{ae2d7c5f-1964-4081-b6c4-0f41c6878722,
  abstract     = {<p>Red Lists are very valuable tools in nature conservation at global, continental and (sub-) national scales. In an attempt to prioritise conservation actions for European butterflies, we compiled a database with species lists and Red Lists of all European countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). In total, we compiled national species lists for 42 countries and national Red Lists for 34 of these. The most species-rich countries in Europe are Italy, Russia and France with more than 250 species each. Endemic species are mainly found on the Macaronesian archipelagos and on the Mediterranean islands. By attributing numerical values proportionate to the threat statuses in the different national Red List categories, we calculated a mean Red List value for every country (cRLV) and a weighted Red List value for every species (wsRLV) using the square root of the country’s area as a weighting factor. Countries with the highest cRLV were industrialised (NW) European countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Denmark, whereas large Mediterranean countries such as Spain and Italy had the lowest cRLV. Species for which a Red List assessment was available in at least two European countries and with a relatively high wsRLV (≥ 50) are Colias myrmidone, Pseudochazara orestes, Tomares nogelii, Colias chrysotheme and Coenonympha oedippus. We compared these wsRLVs with the species statuses on the European Red List to identify possible mismatches. We discuss how this complementary method can help to prioritise butterfly conservation on the continental and/or the (sub-)national scale.</p>},
  author       = {Maes, Dirk and Verovnik, Rudi and Wiemers, Martin and Brosens, Dimitri and Beshkov, Stoyan and Bonelli, Simona and Buszko, Jaroslaw and Cantú-Salazar, Lisette and Cassar, Louis Francis and Collins, Sue and Dincă, Vlad and Djuric, Milan and Dušej, Goran and Elven, Hallvard and Franeta, Filip and Garcia-Pereira, Patricia and Geryak, Yurii and Goffart, Philippe and Gór, Ádám and Hiermann, Ulrich and Höttinger, Helmut and Huemer, Peter and Jakšić, Predrag and John, Eddie and Kalivoda, Henrik and Kati, Vassiliki and Kirkland, Paul and Komac, Benjamin and Kőrösi, Ádám and Kulak, Anatolij and Kuussaari, Mikko and L’Hoste, Lionel and Lelo, Suvad and Mestdagh, Xavier and Micevski, Nikola and Mihoci, Iva and Mihut, Sergiu and Monasterio-León, Yeray and Morgun, Dmitry V. and Munguira, Miguel L. and Murray, Tomás and Nielsen, Per Stadel and Ólafsson, Erling and Õunap, Erki and Pamperis, Lazaros N. and Pavlíčko, Alois and Pettersson, Lars B. and Popov, Serhiy and Popović, Miloš and Pöyry, Juha and Prentice, Mike and Reyserhove, Lien and Ryrholm, Nils and Šašić, Martina and Savenkov, Nikolay and Settele, Josef and Sielezniew, Marcin and Sinev, Sergey and Stefanescu, Constanti and Švitra, Giedrius and Tammaru, Toomas and Tiitsaar, Anu and Tzirkalli, Elli and Tzortzakaki, Olga and van Swaay, Chris A.M. and Viborg, Arne Lykke and Wynhoff, Irma and Zografou, Konstantina and Warren, Martin S.},
  issn         = {1366-638X},
  keyword      = {Biogeography,Habitats directive,IUCN,Lepidoptera,Management,Policy,Threatened species},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {30},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Insect Conservation},
  title        = {Integrating national Red Lists for prioritising conservation actions for European butterflies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-019-00127-z},
  year         = {2019},
}