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Zebrafish Differentially Process Color across Visual Space to Match Natural Scenes

Zimmermann, Maxime J.Y.; Nevala, Noora E. LU ; Yoshimatsu, Takeshi; Osorio, Daniel; Nilsson, Dan Eric LU ; Berens, Philipp and Baden, Tom (2018) In Current Biology
Abstract

Animal eyes have evolved to process behaviorally important visual information, but how retinas deal with statistical asymmetries in visual space remains poorly understood. Using hyperspectral imaging in the field, in vivo 2-photon imaging of retinal neurons, and anatomy, here we show that larval zebrafish use a highly anisotropic retina to asymmetrically survey their natural visual world. First, different neurons dominate different parts of the eye and are linked to a systematic shift in inner retinal function: above the animal, there is little color in nature, and retinal circuits are largely achromatic. Conversely, the lower visual field and horizon are color rich and are predominately surveyed by chromatic and color-opponent circuits... (More)

Animal eyes have evolved to process behaviorally important visual information, but how retinas deal with statistical asymmetries in visual space remains poorly understood. Using hyperspectral imaging in the field, in vivo 2-photon imaging of retinal neurons, and anatomy, here we show that larval zebrafish use a highly anisotropic retina to asymmetrically survey their natural visual world. First, different neurons dominate different parts of the eye and are linked to a systematic shift in inner retinal function: above the animal, there is little color in nature, and retinal circuits are largely achromatic. Conversely, the lower visual field and horizon are color rich and are predominately surveyed by chromatic and color-opponent circuits that are spectrally matched to the dominant chromatic axes in nature. Second, in the horizontal and lower visual field, bipolar cell terminals encoding achromatic and color-opponent visual features are systematically arranged into distinct layers of the inner retina. Third, above the frontal horizon, a high-gain UV system piggybacks onto retinal circuits, likely to support prey capture. With half of their brain located inside the eyes, every neuron counts in the larval zebrafish retina. By 2-photon and hyperspectral natural imaging, Zimmermann et al. show how their near-360° visual field is functionally divided into tetrachromatic, achromatic, and UV prey-capture regions to match available visual information in nature.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
2-photon in vivo imaging, bipolar cell, color, natural imaging, retina, UV vision, vision, visual ecology, zebrafish
in
Current Biology
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85048435937
ISSN
0960-9822
DOI
10.1016/j.cub.2018.04.075
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ae4f123c-ae55-4d8a-8bad-ebeb60d9e1d3
date added to LUP
2018-06-27 14:03:20
date last changed
2018-10-28 04:53:59
@article{ae4f123c-ae55-4d8a-8bad-ebeb60d9e1d3,
  abstract     = {<p>Animal eyes have evolved to process behaviorally important visual information, but how retinas deal with statistical asymmetries in visual space remains poorly understood. Using hyperspectral imaging in the field, in vivo 2-photon imaging of retinal neurons, and anatomy, here we show that larval zebrafish use a highly anisotropic retina to asymmetrically survey their natural visual world. First, different neurons dominate different parts of the eye and are linked to a systematic shift in inner retinal function: above the animal, there is little color in nature, and retinal circuits are largely achromatic. Conversely, the lower visual field and horizon are color rich and are predominately surveyed by chromatic and color-opponent circuits that are spectrally matched to the dominant chromatic axes in nature. Second, in the horizontal and lower visual field, bipolar cell terminals encoding achromatic and color-opponent visual features are systematically arranged into distinct layers of the inner retina. Third, above the frontal horizon, a high-gain UV system piggybacks onto retinal circuits, likely to support prey capture. With half of their brain located inside the eyes, every neuron counts in the larval zebrafish retina. By 2-photon and hyperspectral natural imaging, Zimmermann et al. show how their near-360° visual field is functionally divided into tetrachromatic, achromatic, and UV prey-capture regions to match available visual information in nature.</p>},
  author       = {Zimmermann, Maxime J.Y. and Nevala, Noora E. and Yoshimatsu, Takeshi and Osorio, Daniel and Nilsson, Dan Eric and Berens, Philipp and Baden, Tom},
  issn         = {0960-9822},
  keyword      = {2-photon in vivo imaging,bipolar cell,color,natural imaging,retina,UV vision,vision,visual ecology,zebrafish},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Current Biology},
  title        = {Zebrafish Differentially Process Color across Visual Space to Match Natural Scenes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.04.075},
  year         = {2018},
}