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A review of contamination of surface-, ground-, and drinking water in Sweden by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)

Banzhaf, Stefan; Filipovic, Marko; Lewis, Jeffrey; Sparrenbom, Charlotte J. LU and Barthel, Roland (2016) In Ambio
Abstract

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are found in aquatic systems, flora, and fauna worldwide. These potentially harmful compounds are also frequently detected in Sweden and have already resulted in severe problems for public drinking water supply, i.e., some wells had to be closed due to high PFAS concentrations both in raw water and produced drinking water. Knowledge on PFAS occurrence in Sweden is still quite low, although monitoring is currently ongoing. This work describes potential sources for PFASs to enter the drinking water supply in Sweden and compares different occurrences of PFASs in raw and drinking water in the country. Moreover, the monitoring history, the legal situation, and remediation actions taken... (More)

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are found in aquatic systems, flora, and fauna worldwide. These potentially harmful compounds are also frequently detected in Sweden and have already resulted in severe problems for public drinking water supply, i.e., some wells had to be closed due to high PFAS concentrations both in raw water and produced drinking water. Knowledge on PFAS occurrence in Sweden is still quite low, although monitoring is currently ongoing. This work describes potential sources for PFASs to enter the drinking water supply in Sweden and compares different occurrences of PFASs in raw and drinking water in the country. Moreover, the monitoring history, the legal situation, and remediation actions taken are presented. Finally, future challenges and the way forward in Sweden are discussed.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
AFFF, Firefighting foam, Groundwater, PFAA, PFAS, PFOS
in
Ambio
pages
12 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84995390546
  • wos:000397818800007
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-016-0848-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b2250ec3-c85f-4383-8055-fb091424dc4e
date added to LUP
2016-12-05 08:37:00
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:29:52
@article{b2250ec3-c85f-4383-8055-fb091424dc4e,
  abstract     = {<p>Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are found in aquatic systems, flora, and fauna worldwide. These potentially harmful compounds are also frequently detected in Sweden and have already resulted in severe problems for public drinking water supply, i.e., some wells had to be closed due to high PFAS concentrations both in raw water and produced drinking water. Knowledge on PFAS occurrence in Sweden is still quite low, although monitoring is currently ongoing. This work describes potential sources for PFASs to enter the drinking water supply in Sweden and compares different occurrences of PFASs in raw and drinking water in the country. Moreover, the monitoring history, the legal situation, and remediation actions taken are presented. Finally, future challenges and the way forward in Sweden are discussed.</p>},
  author       = {Banzhaf, Stefan and Filipovic, Marko and Lewis, Jeffrey and Sparrenbom, Charlotte J. and Barthel, Roland},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {AFFF,Firefighting foam,Groundwater,PFAA,PFAS,PFOS},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  pages        = {12},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {A review of contamination of surface-, ground-, and drinking water in Sweden by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0848-8},
  year         = {2016},
}