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Trend of Socio-Demographic Index and Mortality Estimates in Iran and its Neighbors, 1990-2015 : Findings of the Global Burden of Diseases 2015 Study

Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Karimi, Seyed M; Khalili, Narjes; Djalalinia, Shirin; Karimkhani, Chante; Krohn, Kristopher J; Afshin, Ashkan; Farzadfar, Farshad and Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad LU , et al. (2017) In Archives of Iranian Medicine 20(7). p.419-428
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Global burden of disease and injuries study (GBD 2015) reports expected measures for years of life lost (YLL) based on socio-demographic index (SDI) of countries, as well as the observed measures. In this extended GBD 2015 report, we reviewed total and cause-specific deaths and YLL for Iran and all its neighboring countries between 1990 and 2015.

METHODS: We extracted data from the GBD 2015 database. Observed YLL measures were calculated by multiplying the number of deaths by standard life expectancy at each age. SDI was a composite index, calculated based on income per capita, average years of schooling, and total fertility rate. The GBD world population was used for age standardization.

RESULTS: All-ages... (More)

BACKGROUND: The Global burden of disease and injuries study (GBD 2015) reports expected measures for years of life lost (YLL) based on socio-demographic index (SDI) of countries, as well as the observed measures. In this extended GBD 2015 report, we reviewed total and cause-specific deaths and YLL for Iran and all its neighboring countries between 1990 and 2015.

METHODS: We extracted data from the GBD 2015 database. Observed YLL measures were calculated by multiplying the number of deaths by standard life expectancy at each age. SDI was a composite index, calculated based on income per capita, average years of schooling, and total fertility rate. The GBD world population was used for age standardization.

RESULTS: All-ages crude death rate in Iran reduced from 665.6 per 100,000 population (95% uncertainty interval: 599.3-731.6) in 1990 to 487.2 (414.9-566.1) in 2015. The ratio of observed to expected YLL (O/E ratio) for all-causes ranged between 0.54 (Turkey) and 1.95 (Russia) in 2015. For Iran, the all-causes O/E ratio was less than 1 in all years (1990-2015), except 2003. However, cause-specific O/E ratio was more than 1 for some causes, including the top leading causes of YLL (ischemic heart disease, road injuries, and cerebrovascular disorders). Ischemic heart disease was the first or second cause of YLL in all comparator countries except Afghanistan.

CONCLUSION: The leading YLL causes with high O/E ratios should be prioritized in public health efforts. In addition to research evidence, countries with low O/E ratios should be scrutinized to find feasible innovative interventions.

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Archives of Iranian Medicine
volume
20
issue
7
pages
10 pages
publisher
Academy of Medical Sciences of I.R. Iran
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  • scopus:85025802080
ISSN
1029-2977
language
English
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yes
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b3b30e46-b161-4f4d-aa48-617006e36ed0
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http://www.ams.ac.ir/AIM/NEWPUB/17/20/7/005.pdf
date added to LUP
2017-08-13 01:37:34
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:14:44
@article{b3b30e46-b161-4f4d-aa48-617006e36ed0,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: The Global burden of disease and injuries study (GBD 2015) reports expected measures for years of life lost (YLL) based on socio-demographic index (SDI) of countries, as well as the observed measures. In this extended GBD 2015 report, we reviewed total and cause-specific deaths and YLL for Iran and all its neighboring countries between 1990 and 2015.</p><p>METHODS: We extracted data from the GBD 2015 database. Observed YLL measures were calculated by multiplying the number of deaths by standard life expectancy at each age. SDI was a composite index, calculated based on income per capita, average years of schooling, and total fertility rate. The GBD world population was used for age standardization.</p><p>RESULTS: All-ages crude death rate in Iran reduced from 665.6 per 100,000 population (95% uncertainty interval: 599.3-731.6) in 1990 to 487.2 (414.9-566.1) in 2015. The ratio of observed to expected YLL (O/E ratio) for all-causes ranged between 0.54 (Turkey) and 1.95 (Russia) in 2015. For Iran, the all-causes O/E ratio was less than 1 in all years (1990-2015), except 2003. However, cause-specific O/E ratio was more than 1 for some causes, including the top leading causes of YLL (ischemic heart disease, road injuries, and cerebrovascular disorders). Ischemic heart disease was the first or second cause of YLL in all comparator countries except Afghanistan.</p><p>CONCLUSION: The leading YLL causes with high O/E ratios should be prioritized in public health efforts. In addition to research evidence, countries with low O/E ratios should be scrutinized to find feasible innovative interventions.</p>},
  author       = {Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar and Sepanlou, Sadaf G. and Karimi, Seyed M and Khalili, Narjes and Djalalinia, Shirin and Karimkhani, Chante and Krohn, Kristopher J and Afshin, Ashkan and Farzadfar, Farshad and Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad and Asadi-Lari, Mohsen and Asayesh, Hamid and Esteghamati, Ali Reza and Farvid, Maryam S and Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad and Heydarpour, Pouria and Khosravi, Ardeshir and Khubchandani, Jagdish and Kasaeian, Amir and Rana, Saleem M. and Mahdavi, Mahdi and Masoudifarid, Habib and Mohammadi-Nodooshan, Alireza and Pourmalek, Farshad and Qorbani, Mostafa and Radfar, Amir and Rahimi, Kazem and Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa and Roshandel, Gholamreza and Safi, Sare and Salamati, Payman and Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash and Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad and Vos, Theo and Malekzadeh, Reza and Mokdad, Ali H. and Murray, Christopher J. L. and Naghavi, Mohsen},
  issn         = {1029-2977},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {419--428},
  publisher    = {Academy of Medical Sciences of I.R. Iran},
  series       = {Archives of Iranian Medicine},
  title        = {Trend of Socio-Demographic Index and Mortality Estimates in Iran and its Neighbors, 1990-2015 : Findings of the Global Burden of Diseases 2015 Study},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2017},
}