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Sustainable drainage system site assessment method using urban ecosystem services

Mak, Chunglim; Scholz, Miklas LU and James, Philip (2017) In Urban Ecosystems 20(2). p.293-307
Abstract

The United Kingdom’s recently updated approach to sustainable drainage enhanced biodiversity and amenity objectives by incorporating the ecosystem approach and the ecosystem services concept. However, cost-effective and reliable methods to appraise the biodiversity and amenity values of potential sustainable drainage system (SuDS) sites and their surrounding areas are still lacking, as is a method to enable designers to distinguish and link the amenity and biodiversity benefits that SuDS schemes can offer. In this paper, therefore, the authors propose two ecosystem services- and disservices-based methods (i.e. vegetation structure cover-abundance examination and cultural ecosystem services and disservices variables appraisal) to aid... (More)

The United Kingdom’s recently updated approach to sustainable drainage enhanced biodiversity and amenity objectives by incorporating the ecosystem approach and the ecosystem services concept. However, cost-effective and reliable methods to appraise the biodiversity and amenity values of potential sustainable drainage system (SuDS) sites and their surrounding areas are still lacking, as is a method to enable designers to distinguish and link the amenity and biodiversity benefits that SuDS schemes can offer. In this paper, therefore, the authors propose two ecosystem services- and disservices-based methods (i.e. vegetation structure cover-abundance examination and cultural ecosystem services and disservices variables appraisal) to aid SuDS designers to distinguish and link amenity and biodiversity benefits, and allow initial site assessments to be performed in a cost-effective and reliable fashion. Forty-nine representative sites within Greater Manchester were selected to test the two methods. Amenity and biodiversity were successfully assessed and habitat for species, carbon sequestration, recreation and education ecosystem services scores were produced, which will support SuDS retrofit design decision-making. Large vegetated SuDS sites with permanent aquatic features were found to be most capable of enhancing biodiversity- and amenity-related ecosystem services. Habitat for species and recreation ecosystem services were also found to be positively linked to each other. Finally, waste bins on site were found to help reduce dog faeces and litter coverage. Overall, the findings presented here enable future SuDS retrofit designs to be more wildlife friendly and socially inclusive.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Best management practice, Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, Culture, Habitat for species, Vegetation structure
in
Urban Ecosystems
volume
20
issue
2
pages
293 - 307
publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
external identifiers
  • scopus:84986253511
  • wos:000399011500004
ISSN
1083-8155
DOI
10.1007/s11252-016-0593-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b4d8bce7-9335-44e7-b5ef-3d955d644a28
date added to LUP
2016-11-09 10:40:42
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:34:30
@article{b4d8bce7-9335-44e7-b5ef-3d955d644a28,
  abstract     = {<p>The United Kingdom’s recently updated approach to sustainable drainage enhanced biodiversity and amenity objectives by incorporating the ecosystem approach and the ecosystem services concept. However, cost-effective and reliable methods to appraise the biodiversity and amenity values of potential sustainable drainage system (SuDS) sites and their surrounding areas are still lacking, as is a method to enable designers to distinguish and link the amenity and biodiversity benefits that SuDS schemes can offer. In this paper, therefore, the authors propose two ecosystem services- and disservices-based methods (i.e. vegetation structure cover-abundance examination and cultural ecosystem services and disservices variables appraisal) to aid SuDS designers to distinguish and link amenity and biodiversity benefits, and allow initial site assessments to be performed in a cost-effective and reliable fashion. Forty-nine representative sites within Greater Manchester were selected to test the two methods. Amenity and biodiversity were successfully assessed and habitat for species, carbon sequestration, recreation and education ecosystem services scores were produced, which will support SuDS retrofit design decision-making. Large vegetated SuDS sites with permanent aquatic features were found to be most capable of enhancing biodiversity- and amenity-related ecosystem services. Habitat for species and recreation ecosystem services were also found to be positively linked to each other. Finally, waste bins on site were found to help reduce dog faeces and litter coverage. Overall, the findings presented here enable future SuDS retrofit designs to be more wildlife friendly and socially inclusive.</p>},
  author       = {Mak, Chunglim and Scholz, Miklas and James, Philip},
  issn         = {1083-8155},
  keyword      = {Best management practice,Biodiversity,Carbon sequestration,Culture,Habitat for species,Vegetation structure},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {293--307},
  publisher    = {Kluwer Academic Publishers},
  series       = {Urban Ecosystems},
  title        = {Sustainable drainage system site assessment method using urban ecosystem services},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11252-016-0593-6},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2017},
}