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Groundwater pollution sources apportionment in the ghaen plain, Iran

Naseh, Mohammad Reza Vesali; Noori, Roohollah LU ; Berndtsson, Ronny LU ; Adamowski, Jan and Sadatipour, Elaheh (2018) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(1).
Abstract

Although Iran’s Ghaen Plain provides saffron to much of the world, no regional groundwater quality (GQ) assessment has yet been undertaken. Given the region’s potential for saltwater intrusion and heavy metal contamination, it is important to assess the GQ and determine its main probable source of pollution (MPSP). Such knowledge would allow for informed mitigation or elimination of the potential adverse health effects of this groundwater through its use as drinking water, or indirectly as a result of the consumption of groundwater-irrigated crops. Total dissolved solids, sodium, and chloride in the water of the majority of 16 wells sampled within the region exceeded World Health Organization and Iranian permissible standards for... (More)

Although Iran’s Ghaen Plain provides saffron to much of the world, no regional groundwater quality (GQ) assessment has yet been undertaken. Given the region’s potential for saltwater intrusion and heavy metal contamination, it is important to assess the GQ and determine its main probable source of pollution (MPSP). Such knowledge would allow for informed mitigation or elimination of the potential adverse health effects of this groundwater through its use as drinking water, or indirectly as a result of the consumption of groundwater-irrigated crops. Total dissolved solids, sodium, and chloride in the water of the majority of 16 wells sampled within the region exceeded World Health Organization and Iranian permissible standards for drinking water. The groundwater proved to only be suitable for irrigating salt tolerant crops under good drainage conditions. Due to the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the water supply facilities, the water from all wells was deemed unsuitable for industrial purposes. Heavy metal pollution and contamination indices showed no groundwater contamination. Analysis of ionic ratios and the application of principal components analysis indicated the MPSP to be saltwater intrusion, with the geology subtending the plain, and to a lesser extent, anthropogenic activities. Reducing groundwater withdrawals, particularly those for agricultural production by using high performance irrigation methods could reduce saltwater intrusion and improve GQ in the Ghaen Plain.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Health, Heavy metals, Saffron, Salinization
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
15
issue
1
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85041067715
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph15010172
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b68a89d2-54c9-45fe-beb7-bf2e310fccac
date added to LUP
2018-02-23 09:52:06
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:19:12
@article{b68a89d2-54c9-45fe-beb7-bf2e310fccac,
  abstract     = {<p>Although Iran’s Ghaen Plain provides saffron to much of the world, no regional groundwater quality (GQ) assessment has yet been undertaken. Given the region’s potential for saltwater intrusion and heavy metal contamination, it is important to assess the GQ and determine its main probable source of pollution (MPSP). Such knowledge would allow for informed mitigation or elimination of the potential adverse health effects of this groundwater through its use as drinking water, or indirectly as a result of the consumption of groundwater-irrigated crops. Total dissolved solids, sodium, and chloride in the water of the majority of 16 wells sampled within the region exceeded World Health Organization and Iranian permissible standards for drinking water. The groundwater proved to only be suitable for irrigating salt tolerant crops under good drainage conditions. Due to the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the water supply facilities, the water from all wells was deemed unsuitable for industrial purposes. Heavy metal pollution and contamination indices showed no groundwater contamination. Analysis of ionic ratios and the application of principal components analysis indicated the MPSP to be saltwater intrusion, with the geology subtending the plain, and to a lesser extent, anthropogenic activities. Reducing groundwater withdrawals, particularly those for agricultural production by using high performance irrigation methods could reduce saltwater intrusion and improve GQ in the Ghaen Plain.</p>},
  articleno    = {172},
  author       = {Naseh, Mohammad Reza Vesali and Noori, Roohollah and Berndtsson, Ronny and Adamowski, Jan and Sadatipour, Elaheh},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Health,Heavy metals,Saffron,Salinization},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Groundwater pollution sources apportionment in the ghaen plain, Iran},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010172},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2018},
}