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Occupations, perceived stress, and stress-related disorders among women and men in the public sector in Sweden

Håkansson, Carita LU and Ahlborg, Gunnar (2017) In Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 24(1). p.10-17
Abstract

Background: Stress-related disorders are a public health problem and represent a significant burden to individuals and society. It is, therefore, of importance to regard stress in a wider context and identify risk factors not only at work but in all occupations in everyday life, to prevent ill health. Aim/objective: The aim of this study was to examine potential associations between everyday occupations, perceived stress, and stress-related disorders as well as potential gender differences. Material and methods: A survey was mailed to a random selection of 3481 employees in the public sector in Western Sweden. Cox regressions with constant time at risk were used, in order to calculate prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence... (More)

Background: Stress-related disorders are a public health problem and represent a significant burden to individuals and society. It is, therefore, of importance to regard stress in a wider context and identify risk factors not only at work but in all occupations in everyday life, to prevent ill health. Aim/objective: The aim of this study was to examine potential associations between everyday occupations, perceived stress, and stress-related disorders as well as potential gender differences. Material and methods: A survey was mailed to a random selection of 3481 employees in the public sector in Western Sweden. Cox regressions with constant time at risk were used, in order to calculate prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The results showed a clear association between reporting imbalance between different everyday occupations and both perceived stress and stress-related disorders among men and women. Conclusion: Imbalance between different everyday occupations seems to be an important risk factor for perceived stress and stress-related disorder among both women and men. Significance: To enable people to achieve balance between different everyday occupations may be a useful way to prevent stress, stress-related disorders, and sick leave, and to promote better health and well-being.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Health promotion, human activities, occupational balance, stress prevention
in
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
24
issue
1
pages
10 - 17
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84965062154
  • wos:000392839900002
ISSN
1103-8128
DOI
10.3109/11038128.2016.1170196
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b6e28a29-adcd-4701-8a0f-f5e532b148c8
date added to LUP
2016-06-03 11:28:23
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:29:19
@article{b6e28a29-adcd-4701-8a0f-f5e532b148c8,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Stress-related disorders are a public health problem and represent a significant burden to individuals and society. It is, therefore, of importance to regard stress in a wider context and identify risk factors not only at work but in all occupations in everyday life, to prevent ill health. Aim/objective: The aim of this study was to examine potential associations between everyday occupations, perceived stress, and stress-related disorders as well as potential gender differences. Material and methods: A survey was mailed to a random selection of 3481 employees in the public sector in Western Sweden. Cox regressions with constant time at risk were used, in order to calculate prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The results showed a clear association between reporting imbalance between different everyday occupations and both perceived stress and stress-related disorders among men and women. Conclusion: Imbalance between different everyday occupations seems to be an important risk factor for perceived stress and stress-related disorder among both women and men. Significance: To enable people to achieve balance between different everyday occupations may be a useful way to prevent stress, stress-related disorders, and sick leave, and to promote better health and well-being.</p>},
  author       = {Håkansson, Carita and Ahlborg, Gunnar},
  issn         = {1103-8128},
  keyword      = {Health promotion,human activities,occupational balance,stress prevention},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10--17},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {Occupations, perceived stress, and stress-related disorders among women and men in the public sector in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/11038128.2016.1170196},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2017},
}